Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS11] Stratosphere-troposphere Processes And their Role in Climate

Mon. May 23, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A01 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Yousuke Yamashita(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Hideharu Akiyoshi(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Kaoru Sato(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Yoshihiro Tomikawa(National Institute of Polar Research), Chair:Yousuke Yamashita(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[AAS11-11] CO2 and SF6 concentrations in the stratosphere over Indonesia

*Satoshi Sugawara1, Shuji Aoki2, Shinji Morimoto2, Shigeyuki Ishidoya3, Takakiyo Nakazawa2, Sakae Toyoda4, Chusaku Ikeda5, Hideyuki Honda5, Yoichi Inai6, Fumio Hasebe6, Fanny Aditya Putri7, Daisuke Goto8 (1.Miyagi University of Education, 2.Tohoku University, 3.AIST, 4.TITECH, 5.JAXA/ISAS, 6.Hokkaido University, 7.LAPAN, 8.NIPR)

Keywords:CO2, SF6, Age of air

Stratospheric air collections were carried out at Biak, Indonesia in February 2015, by using the compact cryogenic air sampler (J-T sampler). Eight sets of air sampler were launched from the experiment field in LAPAN observatory (001°10'32" S, 136° 06'02" E) using 4 large plastic balloons. The data obtained at 8 different altitudes will be used for elucidating the vertical structures of GHGs and their chemical processes in the TTL and the tropical stratosphere, with an average vertical resolution better than 2km. Air samples were analyzed for concentrations of CO2, CH4, N2O, and SF6 at Tohoku University and Miyagi University of Education. The concentrations of CO2 and SF6 at 29 km altitude were 392.9 ppmv and 7.5 pptv, respectively. Stratospheric CO2 and SF6 are known as the ‘clock tracer’. In this study, we estimated the mean age of air in the tropical stratosphere over Biak, and compared them with the results obtained from the previous experiments at Japan, Kiruna, and Syowa station. The CO2 concentration data was corrected for the airborne production by methane oxidation. CO2- and SF6-age were estimated by comparing the observed concentrations with the CONTRAIL data records in the tropical upper troposphere. As a result, the mean age of air was estimated to be about 3 years at 29km altitude. This value was significantly lower than those obtained from the satellite SF6 measurements.