9:15 AM - 9:30 AM
[AAS12-14] Tar ball particles from biomass burning smoke
Keywords:aerosol, Transmission electron microscope, climate, tar ball, biomass burning
The samples were collected from wild fires in North America during Biomass Burning Observation Project (BBOP) 2013 aircraft campaign. BBOP campaign is an aircraft-based field campaign to study the near-field evolution of particulate emissions from biomass burning from July to October 2013. Aerosol particles from wildfires in the Western US (Idaho, Oregon, and Washington) and from agricultural burns in the Mississippi Embayment (Arkansas) were sampled. From these samples, number fractions of tar ball were measured from TEM images.
Tar balls primarily originated from wildfires and were lack in agricultural-burning smoke. They were abundant in relatively aged smoke (>several hours from emission), and the number fractions could reach more than half of all aerosol particles with aerodynamic diameter between 100 and 700 nm. Samples with relatively high tar ball fractions were focused, and the bulk optical and chemical compositions within the smoke with many tar balls will be discussed. Abundances and optical properties of tar balls shown in this study are useful to evaluate their effects on the global climate.