Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS12] Atmospheric Chemistry

Wed. May 25, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Hitoshi Irie(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Toshinobu Machida(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Hiroshi Tanimoto(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Yoko Iwamoto(Faculty of Science Division I, Tokyo University of Science)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[AAS12-P03] The impact on CH4 retrieval of GOSAT/TANSO-FTS TIR band from the uncertainty of the continuum absorption

*Yamada Akinori1, Naoko Saitoh1, Ryoichi Imasu2, Akihiko Kuze3, Kei Shiomi3 (1.Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University, 2.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institude, University of Tokyo, 3.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)

The thermal infrared (TIR) band of Thermal and Near-infrared Sensor for Carbon Observation Fourier Transform Spectrometer (TANSO-FTS) onboard Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT) observes CH4 profile at wavenumber range from 1210 cm-1 to 1360 cm-1 including CH4 ν4 band. The current retrieval algorithm (V1.0) uses MT CKD continuum model (Mlawer et al., 2012) to calculate optical depth of continuum absorption for forward spectrum. The temperature coefficient of the water self continuum of MT CKD model overestimated about 30% at the CH4 retrieval band compared to that of BPS continuum model (Paynter and Ramaswamy, 2011). We study the impact on CH4 retrieval from the uncertainty of the continuum absorption.
We used 713 spectra observed by GOSAT/TANSO-FTS TIR band from March 2010 to September 2011. These observations satisfy following criteria. The coincidence criteria of distance and time between GOSAT-TIR observations and HIPPO aircraft observations (Wofsy et al., 2012) are 300 km and 72 hours, respectively, and the degrees of freedom for signal are greater than 0.7. We calculated forward spectrum using retrieved profile by LBLRTM V12.2 (Clough et al., 2005) and convolution of the forward spectrum and sinc function as an instrumental line shape function to set to low wavenumber resolution.
The spectral residual (forward spectrum - GOSAT-TIR observation spectrum) had fine structure from -20 K to 20 K, which was made from line absorption. We calculated moving average with window width of 11 channels to separate continuum from line absorption. The average of the moving-averaged residual were -2.0 K. According to Saitoh et al. (2009), 1 K difference of surface temperature make 5% bias at the altitude of 400 mbar in CO2 profile, there is a potential for bias in CH4 profile. There exist H2O self continuum, H2O foreign continuum, CO2 continuum, and O2 continuum in this band. The wavenumber dependencies of H2O self continuum and CO2 continuum are small in this band, while that of H2O foreign continuum and O2 continuum are large.
We calculated forward spectra using 10% larger continuum absorption coefficient than MT CKD model to know the impact on brightness temperature spectrum from continuum absorption. The brightness temperature changed about -0.00001 K and 0.01 K when we used 10% larger CO2 continuum absorption and 10% larger H2O self continuum absorption, respectively. The differences on brightness temperature were much smaller than the averaged residual. We are trying comparing GOSAT-TIR CH4 profile retrieved using 10% bias continuum absorption and other continuum model with HIPPO profile.
Mlawer, E. J., et al. (2012) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 370, 2520–2556.
Paynter, D. and Ramaswamy, V. (2011) JGR 116, D20302.
Saitoh, N., et al. (2009) JGR 114, D17305.
Wofsy, S. C., et al. (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/hippo_010.