Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS12] Atmospheric Chemistry

Wed. May 25, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Hitoshi Irie(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Toshinobu Machida(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Hiroshi Tanimoto(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Yoko Iwamoto(Faculty of Science Division I, Tokyo University of Science)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[AAS12-P05] Continuous measurement of CO2 and CH4 concentration from a tower network (JR-STATION) over Siberia

*Motoki Sasakawa1, Toshinobu Machida1, Noritsugu tsuda2, Keiichi Katsumata1, Mikhail Arshinov3, Denis Davydov3, Alexandrov Fofonov3 (1.National Institute of Environmental Studies, 2.Global Environmental Forum, 3.Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Russia)

Keywords:Siberia, Carbon dioxide, Methane, tower observation, CRDS

Continuous measurements of CO2 and CH4 concentration have been carried out with a tower network in Siberia (JR-STATION: Japan–Russia Siberian Tall Tower Inland Observation Network) in order to study the spatial and temporal variations of CO2 and CH4 in the forest, steppe, and wetland regions and estimate the distribution of the flux over this huge area (Sasakawa et al., 2010) where only a few atmospheric investigations were made.
The JR-STATION consists of 6 towers (Figure) located at Berezorechka (BRZ) since 2002, at Karasevoe (KRS) since 2004, at Demyanskoe (DEM) and Noyabrsk (NOY) since 2005, at Azovo (AZV) since 2007, and at Vaganovo (VGN) since 2008. Air samples taken at two heights (~85 m) on each tower were analyzed with an NDIR (LI-COR, LI-820) for CO2 and a SnO2 semiconductor sensor (Suto et al., 2010) for CH4 after passing through the line with a glass water trap, a Nafion membrane dryer (PERMA PURE, MD-050-72F-2), and a magnesium perchlorate. Measurement precision was ±0.3 ppm for CO2 and ±5 ppb for CH4.
Both CO2 and CH4 concentration showed clear diurnal variation during summer mainly due to the diurnal variation of the PBL height (Sasakawa et al., 2012), which is pronounced in inland continental locations such as Siberia. Sasakawa et al. (2013) reported that daytime (13:00-17:00 LST) mean data observed at the towers can capture the characteristic of CO2 concentration in the PBL well during dormant season, and growing season (June-August) with a negative bias of -2.4±0.8 ppm (80 m inlet). This bias is characteristic of close ground observation at high source/sink region. Using the daytime mean, spatial and temporal variations in annual and decadal scale were obtained for Siberia; e.g. the CO2 drawdown in the summer of 2010 in West Siberia was much shallower than in 2009. This result is consistent with the report that carbon uptake at Eurasia in the summer of 2010 was reduced because of the heat wave in Eurasia driving biospheric fluxes and fire emissions (Guerlet et al., 2013).
We have started to install a Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy (CRDS; Picarro inc., G2401) to renew the antiquated system. Branching before the magnesium perchlorate, sample air flowed into the CRDS through a Nafion dryer (PERMA PURE, MD-050-72S-1). The flow rate was controlled at the same value for the original path (35 ml/min) with a mass flow controller. The water vapor was kept at <0.01 % in this condition, which value is good enough for water correction of the CRDS (Nara et al., 2012). The CO2 concentration in compressed dry natural air measured with the CRDS (391.85±0.04 ppm) showed good agreement with that measured with the NDIR (391.72±0.18 ppm). We will present preliminary atmospheric data observed with this modified system at KRS in the presentation.
Guerlet, S. et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. 40, 2378-2383, 2013.
Nara, H. et al., Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5, 2689-2701, 2012.
Sasakawa, M. et al., Tellus 62B, 403-416, 2010.
Sasakawa, M. et al., Tellus 64B, doi:10.3402/tellusb.v64i0.17514, 2012.
Sasakawa, M. et al., J. Geophys. Res. 118, 1-10, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50755, 2013.
Suto, H. et al., J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 27, 1175-1184, 2010.