Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS13] Hyper-dense observation and forecast to elucidate micro-scale atmospheric phenomena

Mon. May 23, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Jun-ichi Furumoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Nobumitsu Tsunematsu(Tokyo Metropolitan Research Institute for Environmental Protection), Kentaro Araki(Meteorological Research Institute), Chair:Kuniaki Higashi(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University Metroweather Co., Ltd.)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[AAS13-11] High-speed radar observation of spatiotemporal structure of mesocyclone associated with wall cloud

*Toru Adachi1, Kusunoki Kenichi1, Satoru Yoshida1, Hiroaki Kawase1, Nobuhiro Nagumo1, Wataru Mashiko1 (1.Meteorological Research Institute)

Keywords:Mesocyclone, Tornado, Supercell, Phased array radar

The Tokyo Metropolitan area is known as a region where tornados frequently occur in Japan. For mitigating damages caused by tornadoes which happen in a short time scale such as 5-10 minutes, earlier detection of their precursors by means of high-speed volumetric observations of the parent thunderstorm is essential. Phased array weather radar (PAWR) is a recently-developed instrument which, by electronically changing the beam elevation, realizes a quick volume scan in 30 seconds to spatiotemporally resolve thunderstorms within a range of 60 km. Since 8 July 2015, Meteorological Research Institute (MRI) has been operating a PAWR in Tsukuba city to cover the Tokyo Metropolitan area, and succeeded in observing a well-developed thunderstorm on the late afternoon of 12 August. The observed thunderstorm moved toward the east-southeast direction at 5-10 km north of the radar site, accompanying with a mesocyclone and vault structure at the southwest edge, which are characteristics often seen in tornadic supercells. In this presentation, we report high-speed fine-scale properties of the mesocyclone and vault structure observed by MRI-PAWR which would otherwise be difficult to resolve by a mechanically-rotating conventional radar.