Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS13] Hyper-dense observation and forecast to elucidate micro-scale atmospheric phenomena

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Jun-ichi Furumoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Nobumitsu Tsunematsu(Tokyo Metropolitan Research Institute for Environmental Protection), Kentaro Araki(Meteorological Research Institute)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[AAS13-P04] Relationship between spatiotemporal changes in amounts of thermal infrared energy and
land use variations in downtown Tokyo at summer midday

*Nobumitsu Tsunematsu1, Hitoshi Yokoyama1, Tsuyoshi Honjo2, Arata Ichihashi1, Haruo Ando1, Nobuhiko Shigyo2 (1.Tokyo Metropolitan Research Institute for Environmental Protection, 2.Chiba University)

Keywords:thermal infrared energy, land use, summer midday, downtown Tokyo, UHI adaptation and mitigation strategies

We investigated spatial and temporal changes in amounts of thermal infrared (TIR) energy
emitted from urban surfaces in downtown Tokyo, using 2 m spatial resolution data obtained from
airborne TIR measurements at midday on the four different hot summer days: August 7, 2007,
August 19, 2013, August 19, 2014, and August 19, 2015. Also, to analyze relationship between
amounts of TIR energy and land use variations, we used detailed land use data provided by
Bureau of Urban Development, Tokyo metropolitan government.
The results showed that amounts of TIR energy were especially large in areas with high-density
wooden houses, whereas those in areas with office and commercial buildings were relatively small.
The difference in average absolute values of amounts of TIR energy between the two areas were
approximately 20 W/m2.
In the areas with office and commercial buildings, amounts of TIR energy in many parts of
urban renewal areas clearly decreased between 2007 and 2013. Increases in green surfaces
associated with development of public open spaces would be one of the main causes of the decreases
in amounts of TIR energy. The development of public open spaces has been promoted by an incentive-based policy that offers an enhancement in the floor area ratio as a reward for constructing public open spaces.
These results indicate that some governmental measures like the incentive-based policy
enacted for areas with office and commercial buildings are required to reduce summer heat stress
in the high-density wooden residential areas where the larger amounts of TIR energy are observed at summer midday. In downtown Tokyo, the maximum occurrence frequency of heat strokes tends to be recorded in residential areas.