Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CC Cryospheric Sciences & Cold District Environment

[A-CC20] Glaciology

Wed. May 25, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 102 (1F)

Convener:*Tetsuo Ohata(Arctic Environment Research Center, National Institute of Polar Research), Masahiro Hori(Earth Observation Reseacrh Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), kazuyoshi suzuki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Shin Sugiyama(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Masahiro Hori(Earth Observation Reseacrh Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[ACC20-08] Metamorphism of layered firn at Dome Fuji, Antarctica: Evolution of relations between Near-infrared reflectivity and the other textural/chemical properties

*Shuji Fujita1,2, Kumiko Goto-Azuma1,2, Hiroyuki Enomoto1,2,3, Kotaro FUKUI1,7, Motohiro Hirabayashi1, Akira Hori3, Yu Hoshina4,8, Yoshinori Iizuka5, Yuko MOTIZUKI6, Hideaki Motoyama1,2, Fumio Nakazawa1, Shin Sugiyama5, Sylviane Surdyk1, Kazuya Takahashi6 (1.National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems(ROIS), 2.Department of Polar Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 3.Kitami Institute of Technology, 4.Nagoya University, 5.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, 6.RIKEN, 7.Now at: Takteyama Caldera Sabo Museum, 8.Now at: National Institute for Environmental Studies Center for Global Environmental Research)

Keywords:Antarctica, snow, firn, metamorphism, ice sheet

Evolution of polar firn was investigated at sites at Dome Fuji, to better understand signals of deep ice cores. Using samples from a 4-m-deep pit and a 122-m-deep core, relations between major textural and chemical properties, such as Near-infrared light reflectivity R, density ρ, microwave dielectric anisotropy Δε, and concentration of major ions, were investigated at a depth range of 0 – 122 m, with high spatial resolutions. At the near-surface depths, we found: (i) Fluctuations of R, ρ, and Δε are positively correlated; (ii) Δε ranges 0.03 – 0.07 at depths immediately below the snow surface at ~0.1 m; (iii) These properties of R, ρ, and Δε are not correlated to major ions. With increasing depths during reported phenomena of density crossover, the positive corrlation of R to Δε persistently remains with a slight decrease. Besides, R becomes weakly negatively correlated to concentration of Na+ which is the sea salt marker. These facts suggest that textural features of the near-surface depths are preserved in both R and Δε at a depth range immediately below bubble-close-off, being weakly affected by reported softening of ice by Cl- ions. We therefore suggest that optically layerd features in ice cores are directly linked to the metamorphism.