5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[ACC20-P11] Chemical characteristics of glacial melt water in Tienshan Mountains in the central Asia
Keywords:biogeochemistry, mountains glacier, melt water
Fresh snow, old snow, surface ice, running meltwater on Urumqi No.1 Glacier, and water at the glacier terminus, and of the downstream river and rain water were collected in August 2015. Major ions in the collected samples were analyzed with ion chromatography systems.
Results showed that most of chemical solutes were higher concentration in river water compared with those in snow, ice and the meltwater on the glacier. In particular, the concentrations of Mg2+, Ca2+, SO42-, K+ in river water were approximately 6.5 to 19 times higher than those in snow or ice on the glacier. The concentrations of Na+, Cl-, NO3- were 1.3 - 3.0 times higher in river water compared with those of the glacier. In contrast, concentration of NH4+ was higher on snow and meltwater on the glacier, but not detected in river water. These results show that the chemical concentrations does not simply increase as water flow from glaciers to the downstream river, but that chemical processes affecting the concentration are different among the solutes and areas of the basin.