Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CC Cryospheric Sciences & Cold District Environment

[A-CC20] Glaciology

Wed. May 25, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Tetsuo Ohata(Arctic Environment Research Center, National Institute of Polar Research), Masahiro Hori(Earth Observation Reseacrh Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), kazuyoshi suzuki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Shin Sugiyama(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[ACC20-P11] Chemical characteristics of glacial melt water in Tienshan Mountains in the central Asia

*YOICHIRO HORI1, Nozomu Takeuchi1, Zhongqin Li2 (1.Chiba University Graduate School of Science, 2.Chinese Academy of Science)

Keywords:biogeochemistry, mountains glacier, melt water

In arid or semi-arid regions of the central Asia, melt water from mountain glaciers has played an important role as a water resource for the ecosystems and human societies in the regions. Although a number of studies on contributions of melt water runoff to the local discharge have been conducted in this regions, studies on influence of the melt water on chemical solutes in the discharge is still limited. This study aims to describe the characteristics of the chemical solutes of the snow, ice, and meltwater on a glacier and of the downstream river and rain water in the Tian Shan Mountains, China, and to discuss chemical processes of melt water on the glacier and river.
Fresh snow, old snow, surface ice, running meltwater on Urumqi No.1 Glacier, and water at the glacier terminus, and of the downstream river and rain water were collected in August 2015. Major ions in the collected samples were analyzed with ion chromatography systems.
Results showed that most of chemical solutes were higher concentration in river water compared with those in snow, ice and the meltwater on the glacier. In particular, the concentrations of Mg2+, Ca2+, SO42-, K+ in river water were approximately 6.5 to 19 times higher than those in snow or ice on the glacier. The concentrations of Na+, Cl-, NO3- were 1.3 - 3.0 times higher in river water compared with those of the glacier. In contrast, concentration of NH4+ was higher on snow and meltwater on the glacier, but not detected in river water. These results show that the chemical concentrations does not simply increase as water flow from glaciers to the downstream river, but that chemical processes affecting the concentration are different among the solutes and areas of the basin.