5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[ACG08-P03] Effects of climate change on corn yield in the U.S. using a parameter optimized crop model with muliple general circulation models
Keywords:Climate change impacts, Multi-objective complex evolution, Corn yield, Multiple GCMs
Results indicated a shortening of the growing periods (GP), decreased water use efficiency in almost all regions, and increased crop available water and evapotranspiration during GP in almost all regions except for the Southern U.S. Using multi-GCMs, the simulations under both climate scenarios resulted in negative effects of climate change on yield in almost all regions during both future periods. Especially strong negative impacts were reported south of latitude 40°N due to less optimal growing conditions. On the other hand, there were relatively smaller negative impacts in high-latitude regions due to more optimal growing conditions because of larger temperature changes and less water stress compared to low- and mid-latitude regions. However, temperature stress which interferes with corn growth was notably present in almost all regions for the 2070s under RCP8.5. Higher CO2 concentrations have the potential to increase corn yield. CO2 effects were approximately 0.04–0.05% increase in yield per 1 ppm increase in CO2 concentration under both future climate scenarios, but the negative impacts of increased temperatures fully outweighed the CO2-fertilization effects. Assessments of climate change impacts using multi-GCMs are essential for synthetic studies of uncertainties in GCMs and not just for considering particular or bounding-case scenarios. Development of an integrated crop model that includes information and mechanisms related to crop physiology, breeding, biotechnology, agronomy, climate change, and resource use efficiency is needed to address more accurately the effects of climate change, CO2 effects, and technology development and their interactions on crop yield.