5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[ACG08-P04] Estimation of total river flux from Japanese basins to Pacific ocean and its numerical prediction using cell distributed runoff model
Keywords:fluvial outflow, estuary , coastal modeling, sediment runoff
The demand for having simulated freshwater outflow data on the river mouths is especially conspicuous in coastal modeling where fluvial influence often makes big difference in results and in climatological modeling where fluvial influence is needed to join the oceanographic, meteorology and hydrology cycle into bigger comprehensive closed cycle to be used for more accurate climatological models. Coastal and climatological models do not usually use freshwater outflow data from river's estuaries because they either neglect the data as insignificant or have difficulties to implement these data into their models.
2. Objective and motivation
The main objective of the study is to create complete set of river outflow data from Japanese basins to western Pacific ocean, in order that the data can be used in bigger and more complex coastal and climatological models, so that these models can develop more precise calculations and expand its purposes to wider range.
Secondary objective of the study is to predict sediment runoff at the catchment scale near river mouth, in order that it can be used in river basin management for sediment related disaster risk reduction.
River discharge data likely represent the most accurate quantitative information about the global terrestrial water cycle, but this information has not been uniformly adopted in Earth Systems studies, such as GCMs or terrestrial productivity models (Fekete et al., 2002). To estimate continental discharge using the runoff fields, a river transport model that routes the terrestrial runoff into the correct river mouths is needed (Dai and Trenberth, 2002).
3. Methods and data collection
We have used cell distributed water and sediment runoff model (Sasaki, 2014) (Apip et al., 2011) to make numerical prediction of freshwater outflow and suspended sediment transport from each basin. A conceptual diagram of the sediment runoff model is shown in Figure 1.
All data was collected from online source of Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (http://www1.river.go.jp/). For all rivers, we tried to collect the most downstream daily discharge and water level data station which was available. Our goal was to collect discharge and water level data for period 2008-2015 for all rivers, and for period 2000-2015 for two the biggest rivers Tone and Abukuma.
The overview of all the collected data from 9 first class rivers on Japanese eastern Pacific coast will be discussed. Takase river had average discharge 23 m3/s with peak 388 m3/s. Mabechi river had average discharge 94 m3/s with peak 1246 m3/s. Kitakami river had average discharge 304 m3/s with peak 3409 m3/s. Naruse river had average discharge 45 m3/s with peak 2198 m3/s. Natori river had average discharge 292 m3/s with peak 1340 m3/s. Abukuma river had average discharge 202 m3/s with peak 4822 m3/s. Kuji river had average discharge 18 m3/s with peak 1575 m3/s. Naka river had average discharge 385 m3/s with peak 2533 m3/s. Tone river had average discharge 253 m3/s with peak 7055 m3/s.
Fekete BM, Vorosmarty CJ, Grabs W. 2002. High-resolution fields of global runoff combining observed river dischazrge and simulated water balances. Global biochemical cycles
Dai A, Trenberth KE. 2002. Estimates of freshwater discharge from continents: latitudinal and seasonal variations. Journal of hydrometeorology
Sasaki T. 2014. A study on the method for analysis of radioactive cesium amount of Abukuma basin by distributed runoff model. Kyoto University, Master thesis
Apip, Sayama T, Tachikawa Y, Takara K. 2011. Spatial lumping of a distributed rainfall-sediment-runoff model and its effective lumping scale. Hydrological processes