10:45 AM - 11:00 AM
[ACG10-19] Improvement of GCOM-C chlorophyll-a concentration product by in-situ optical measurements
Keywords:GCOM, GCOM-C, SGLI, ocean color, chlorophyll-a concentration
Chla is a key parameter to know phytoplankton distribution and the ocean primary production. Traditionally, it was estimated by an empirical regression between Chla and blue/green ratio of Rrs (e.g., OC4 algorithm (O'Reilly et al., 2000)). The regression is basing on a global in-situ dataset (e.g., NASA bio-Optical Marine Algorithm Data set, NOMAD (Werdell and Bailey, 2005)). However, the relationship can be deviated due to anomalous condition of inherent optical properties (IOPs), phytoplankton absorption, aph, CDOM + detritus absorption, adg, and particle back-scattering, bbp, especially in the coastal areas.
This study showed improvement of the Chla estimation by considering the IOP deviation through a simple IOP models (Gordon et al., 1988 and Lee et al., 2002). We tested the scheme for in-situ Rrs and Chla data observed by Seikai National Fisheries Research Institute (SNFRI) in the East China Sea, which is independent of the NOMAD dataset. Firstly, we calculated Chla1st by the traditional OC4 algorithm and aph by the linear matrix inversion scheme (Hoge and Lyon, 1996, 1999) from the observed Rrs. Then, Rrs is modified by the IOP model with the estimated aph, which is assumed to be strongly related to Chla, and average state of adg and bbp at condition of the Chla value. The average state of adg and bbp was modeled by regression with Chla basing on the NOMAD dataset in advance. Finally we recalculated Chlare by the OC4 algorithm applied to the modified Rrs. Mean absolute difference (MAD) compared to the in-situ observed Chla was improved from 50% (Chla1st) to 40% (Chlare).
This scheme assumed spectral shape of aph, adg and bbp, however they can change in various coastal environment. Collection of the in-situ bio-optical measurements in the various coastal areas is required to develop more robust GCOM-C algorithms and methodology to estimate coastal Chla.