Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG10] Earth and Planetary satellite observation projects Part II: Satellite Earth Environment Observation

Tue. May 24, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 303 (3F)

Convener:*Riko Oki(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Tadahiro Hayasaka(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Kaoru Sato(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Masaki Satoh(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yoshiaki HONDA(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Kenlo Nasahara(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Takashi Nakajima(Tokai University, School of Information Science & Technology, Dept. of Human & Information Science), Taikan Oki(Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo), Tsuneo Matsunaga(Center for Environmental Measurement and Analysis, National Institute for Environmental Studies), Yukari Takayabu(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Hiroshi Murakami(Earth Observation Research Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Hajime Okamoto(Kyusyu University), Gail Skofronick Jackson(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), Paul Chang(NOAA College Park), David Crisp(Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology), Chair:David Crisp(Jet Propulsion Laboratory), Tatsuya Yokota(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

10:45 AM - 11:00 AM

[ACG10-19] Improvement of GCOM-C chlorophyll-a concentration product by in-situ optical measurements

*Hiroshi Murakami1, Yoko Kiyomoto2, Hiroaki Sasaki2 (1.Earth Observation Research Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 2.Seikai National Fisheries Research Institute, Fisheries Research Agency)

Keywords:GCOM, GCOM-C, SGLI, ocean color, chlorophyll-a concentration

Global Change Observation Mission for Climate (GCOM-C) which carries Second-generation Global Imager (SGLI) is planned to be launched in Japanese Fiscal Year (JFY) 2016 (from April 2016 to March 2017). SGLI has middle spatial resolution (250 m to 1000 m), wide swath (1150 km to 1400 km), 19 bands from near-UV (380 nm) to thermal infrared (12 um) wavelengths, and two-channel (red and near infrared) slant view polarization observations. SGLI will provide several ocean color products including normalized water-leaving radiance (NWLR) (or remote sensing reflectance (Rrs)), photosynthetically available radiation (PAR), chlorophyll-a concentration (Chla), colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM), total suspended matter concentration (TSM), which will contribute to coastal environment monitoring and climate researches by the SGLI 250m resolution and wide swath.
Chla is a key parameter to know phytoplankton distribution and the ocean primary production. Traditionally, it was estimated by an empirical regression between Chla and blue/green ratio of Rrs (e.g., OC4 algorithm (O'Reilly et al., 2000)). The regression is basing on a global in-situ dataset (e.g., NASA bio-Optical Marine Algorithm Data set, NOMAD (Werdell and Bailey, 2005)). However, the relationship can be deviated due to anomalous condition of inherent optical properties (IOPs), phytoplankton absorption, aph, CDOM + detritus absorption, adg, and particle back-scattering, bbp, especially in the coastal areas.
This study showed improvement of the Chla estimation by considering the IOP deviation through a simple IOP models (Gordon et al., 1988 and Lee et al., 2002). We tested the scheme for in-situ Rrs and Chla data observed by Seikai National Fisheries Research Institute (SNFRI) in the East China Sea, which is independent of the NOMAD dataset. Firstly, we calculated Chla1st by the traditional OC4 algorithm and aph by the linear matrix inversion scheme (Hoge and Lyon, 1996, 1999) from the observed Rrs. Then, Rrs is modified by the IOP model with the estimated aph, which is assumed to be strongly related to Chla, and average state of adg and bbp at condition of the Chla value. The average state of adg and bbp was modeled by regression with Chla basing on the NOMAD dataset in advance. Finally we recalculated Chlare by the OC4 algorithm applied to the modified Rrs. Mean absolute difference (MAD) compared to the in-situ observed Chla was improved from 50% (Chla1st) to 40% (Chlare).
This scheme assumed spectral shape of aph, adg and bbp, however they can change in various coastal environment. Collection of the in-situ bio-optical measurements in the various coastal areas is required to develop more robust GCOM-C algorithms and methodology to estimate coastal Chla.