Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG10] Earth and Planetary satellite observation projects Part II: Satellite Earth Environment Observation

Tue. May 24, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 303 (3F)

Convener:*Riko Oki(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Tadahiro Hayasaka(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Kaoru Sato(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Masaki Satoh(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yoshiaki HONDA(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Kenlo Nasahara(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Takashi Nakajima(Tokai University, School of Information Science & Technology, Dept. of Human & Information Science), Taikan Oki(Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo), Tsuneo Matsunaga(Center for Environmental Measurement and Analysis, National Institute for Environmental Studies), Yukari Takayabu(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Hiroshi Murakami(Earth Observation Research Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Hajime Okamoto(Kyusyu University), Gail Skofronick Jackson(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), Paul Chang(NOAA College Park), David Crisp(Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology), Chair:David Crisp(Jet Propulsion Laboratory), Tatsuya Yokota(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[ACG10-23] The current status of GOSAT and GOSAT-2

*Tsuneo Matsunaga1, Tatsuya Yokota1, Masakatsu Nakajima2, Gen Inoue, Ryoichi Imasu3 (1.National Institute for Environmental Studies, 2.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3.The University of Tokyo)

Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT) and its successor, GOSAT-2, are Japanese earth observing satellites for greenhouse gases measurements from space. Both satellite projects are joint efforts among Ministry of the Environment (MOE), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), and National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES).
GOSAT was launched in January 2009, already finished its design lifetime (five years), and is currently in its extended operation period. Its data have been used to calculate whole-atmosphere monthly mean carbon dioxide concentration and to identify locations with large anthoropogenic emissions of CO2 and methane.
GOSAT-2 will be launched in FY2017. Both satellites have Fourier transform spectrometers for the measurements of columnar abundances of greenhouse and other gases and UV-VIS-NIR-SWIR imagers for cloud and aerosol detection. GOSAT-2 instruments (FTS-2 and CAI-2) will be modified or improved based on the experiences of GOSAT instruments (FTS and CAI). FTS-2 will have the extended spectral coverage for carbon monoxide measurement and the intelligent pointing capability to avoid cloud contamination. CAI-2 will have multiple UV bands for more precise land aerosol monitoring and forward/backward viewing capability to avoid sun glint over oceans. Most of critical design reviews of GOSAT-2 spacecraft, earth observing instruments, and ground systems have been completed.