Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG15] Coastal Ecosystems - 2. Coral reefs, seagrass meadows, and mangroves

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Toshihiro Miyajima(Marine Biogeochemistry Group, Division of Ocean-Earth System Science, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Atsushi Watanabe(Department of Mechanical and Environmental Informatics Graduate School of Information Science and Engineering Tokyo Institute of Technology), Yu Umezawa(Nagasaki University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[ACG15-P02] Assessing organic carbon storage in seagrass-meadow sediments using grain size fractionation and isotopic analyses

*Kenta WATANABE1, Toko Tanaya1, Shigeru MONTANI2, Tomohiro KUWAE1 (1.Port and Airport Research Institute, 2.Hokkaido University)

Keywords:carbon storage, blue carbon, sediment, seagrass meadows, isotopic analyses, specific surface area

Coastal sediments play an important role as the major sink of organic carbon (OC), storing both marine biota-derived OC (i.e., blue carbon) and terrestrial-derived OC. Part of OC stored in the sediments is sequestered from atmospheric CO2 for geological timescales. The OC burial rate is much higher in coastal ecosystems than the open ocean. The burial of biochemically recalcitrant OC and the physical protection of OC by sedimentary minerals are the suggested mechanisms of long-term OC preservation. In general, OC content is correlated with the specific surface area of sedimentary minerals in the open ocean; however, relationships between the characteristics of OC and sedimentary minerals in coastal systems are poorly understood. In this study, we sieved collected sediments to generate several size classes (>1000 µm, 250–1000 µm, 125–250 µm, 63–125 µm, 30–63 µm, and <30 µm), and analyzed mineral characteristics (specific surface area) and OC characteristics (OC content, 13C, 14C). Sediment cores were collected in seagrass meadows in the Furen Lagoon, the Hichirippu Lagoon (Hokkaido), and the Shiraho reef (Ishigaki Island), Japan. Silt and clay contents (<63 µm) in the sediment samples ranged from 4% to 62%. The specific surface area of the fractioned samples ranged from 0.84 to 22.90 m2 g−1. We will present the results of the physical and chemical analyses to investigate relationships between the characteristics of both OC and sedimentary minerals of seagrass-meadow sediments in our poster.