Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG23] Coastal Ecosystems - 1. Water Cycle and Land-Ocean Interactions

Tue. May 24, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Jun Shoji(Hiroshima University), Ryo Sugimoto(Faculty of Marine Biosciences, Fukui Prefectural University), Makoto Yamada(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Masahiko Ono(National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Jun Shoji(Hiroshima University), Masahiko Ono(National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[ACG23-05] Estimation of submarine groundwater discharge and associated nutrient fluxes in Otsuchi Bay, northeast Japan in summer

*Hisami Honda1, Ryo Sugimoto2, Jun Shoji3, Osamu Tominaga2, Makoto Taniguchi1 (1.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 2.Fukui Prefectural University, 3.Hiroshima University)

Keywords:submarine groundwater discharge , Otsuchi Bay

Otsuchi Bay is a small semi-enclosed bay along the Sanriku ria coast. Although the watershed of the bay has large amounts of groundwater resources, the rates of groundwater input into the bay and associated nutrient fluxes are still unclear. In this study, we estimated the rates of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) and associated nutrient fluxes into Otsuchi Bay using the radon-222 (222Rn) and salinity mass balance model during the spring and neap tides in summer. As a result, SGD rates ranged from 0.10 to 1.07×106 m3 day-1 (1.29 to 13.16 cm day-1) with a mean of 0.43×106 m3 day-1 (5.28 cm day-1) during the four sampling periods. This value was similar to the annual groundwater recharge rate (0.63×106 m3 day-1) estimated by the water balance method in the whole basin. Estimated fluxes of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and phosphorous (DIP) through the SGD were 50.2 to 511.6 kg day-1 and 0.4 to 4.2 kg day-1, respectively. In contrast, these fluxes through the river water were 127.9 to 336.6 kg day-1, 1.7 to 7.8 kg day-1, respectively. Nutrient fluxes through the SGD were approximately 40 and 33 % of all terrestrial fluxes of DIN and DIP, respectively. In addition, DIN flux of the SGD was approximately 7.7 % of that of the oceanic water even though DIP flux of SGD was only 0.2 %. In Otsuchi Bay, the N/P ratio in bay water during the stratified period was often lower than Redfield ratio. Therefore, DIN supply from the SGD would have a non-negligible contribution on primary production during the stratified period.