Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG24] Science in the Arctic Region

Thu. May 26, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 304 (3F)

Convener:*Takao Kawasaki(National Institute of Polar Research), Masato Mori(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Hisashi Sato(Department of Environmental Geochemical Cycle Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Shun Tsutaki(Arctic Environmental Research Center, National Institute of Polar Research), Hiroyasu Hasumi(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Chair:Masato Mori(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[ACG24-05] Impact of radiosonde data over the Arctic ice on forecasting winter extreme weather over mid latitude

*Kazutoshi Sato1, Jun Inoue1,2,3, Akira Yamazaki2, Joo-hong Kim4, Marion Maturilli5, Klaus Dethloff5, Stephen R Hudson6 (1.National Institute of Polar Research, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.SOKENDAI (Graduate University for Advanced Studies), 4.Korea Polar Research Institute, 5.Alfred Wegener Institute, 6.Norwegian Polar Institute)

Keywords:Arctic, polar vortex, ensemble forecast

In February 2015, the Arctic air outbreak caused extreme cold events and heavy snowfall over the mid latitude, in particular over the North America. During the winter, special radiosonde observations were made on the Norwegian RV Lance around the north of Svalbard under the N-ICE2015 project. We investigated the impact of the radiosonde data on forecasting of a cold extreme event over the eastern North America using the AFES-LETKF experimental ensemble reanalysis version2 (ALERA2) data set. ALERA2 was used as the reference reanalysis (CTL) while the observing-system experiment (OSE) assimilated the same observational data set, except for the radiosonde data obtained by the RV Lance. Using these two reanalysis data as initial values, ensemble forecasting experiments were conducted. Comparing these ensemble forecasts, there were large differences in the position and depth of a predicted polar vortex. The CTL forecast well predicted the southward intrusion of the polar vortex which pushed a cold air over the eastern North America from the Canadian Archipelago. In the OSE forecast, in contrast, the trough associated with southward intrusion of the polar vortex was weak, which prevented a cold outbreak from Arctic. This result suggested that the radiosonde observations over the central Arctic would improve the skill of weather forecasts during winter.