Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG24] Science in the Arctic Region

Thu. May 26, 2016 3:30 PM - 4:45 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Takao Kawasaki(National Institute of Polar Research), Masato Mori(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Hisashi Sato(Department of Environmental Geochemical Cycle Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Shun Tsutaki(Arctic Environmental Research Center, National Institute of Polar Research), Hiroyasu Hasumi(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

3:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[ACG24-P14] Multi-year response of CH4 efflux to wetting at Indigirka Lowland in Northeastern Siberia

*Ryo Shingubara1, Atsuko Sugimoto2,1, Jun Murase3, Shunsuke Tei4,2, Shinya Takano1, Tomoki Morozumi1, Maochang Liang1,7, Go Iwahana2,8, Trofim C. Maximov5,6 (1.Grad. Sch. Envir. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., 2.Fac. Earth Envir. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., 3.Grad. Sch. Bioagr. Sci., Nagoya Univ., 4.NIPR, 5.IBPC SB RAS, Russia, 6.BEST center, NEFU, Russia, 7.Yangtze Univ., China, 8.IARC, UAF, USA)

Keywords:methane flux, interannual variation, isotope ratio, taiga-tundra boundary

Under the amplified Arctic warming climatic response of CH4 emission from the wetlands needs to be understood and predicted because of possible influence to the global climate. Indigirka Lowland in Northeastern Siberia has wetlands in a taiga-tundra boundary on permafrost, whose ecosystem are possibly sensitive to the climate change. Though environmental controls on CH4 efflux have been found such as water level (soil moisture), soil temperature and vegetation, the quantitative relationship between the controls and CH4 efflux are still unclear, which depends on region and timescale (Olefeldt et al., 2013, Global Change Biol.; Treat et al., 2007, JGR). One difficulty is that CH4 emission is composed of 3 processes, i.e. CH4 production, oxidation and transport; they can respond to environmental controls and affect CH4 efflux in different ways. These processes are reflected by stable isotope ratios of CH4 (delta-13C-CH4, delta-D-CH4), which can associate field observation and knowledge from laboratory incubation experiments on CH4 production and on oxidation.
In this study we assessed interannual variation in chamber CH4 efflux and in delta-13C-, delta-D-CH4 near Chokurdakh (70.62 N, 147.90 E) over summers of 2009-2013 to understand relationship between CH4 efflux and environmental factors based on the 3 processes of CH4.
CH4 efflux was around the detection limit at dry tree mounds through the observation period, while large interannual variation was observed at wet areas of sphagnum moss and sedges. Wet event concurrent with the highest precipitation occurred in 2011 and CH4 efflux increased at wet areas in the same year. Although water level decreased from 2011 to 2013, large CH4 emission continued. Moreover, dissolved CH4 concentration in soil pore water (at 10-15 cm depth) increased by 1 order of magnitude from 2011 to 2012 and kept high till 2013. CH4 isotopes implies that CH4 oxidation was depressed in 2012 after the wetting in 2011, suggesting soil reduction induced by the wetting proceeded over multiple years, which may have affected dissolved CH4 concentration and CH4 efflux. Such variation in CH4 efflux and in dissolved CH4 concentration will be discussed in relation to the 3 processes in this presentation.