Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-GE Geological & Soil Environment

[A-GE05] Subsurface Mass Transport and Environmental Assessment

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Shoichiro Hamamoto(Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, The University of Tokyo), Yasushi Mori(Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University), Hirotaka Saito(Department of Ecoregion Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Ken Kawamoto(Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University), Ming Zhang(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[AGE05-P10] Adsorption characteristic and permeability for three mixed materials in Sri Lanka

*Rui Saito1, Takeshi Saito1, Ken Kawamoto1, Ganila N Paranavithana1 (1.Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, Japan)

Keywords:Leachate, Permeable reactive barrier (PRB), Adsorption Characteristic, Hydraulic Conductivity, Degree of compaction

In developing countries including Sri Lanka, municipal solid waste is often dumped directly without incineration or any other treatments, resulting in groundwater contamination by leachate originated from the dumped waste inside. Because the leachate contains harmful chemical compounds such as heavy metals, it is important to treat the groundwater contaminated by leachate with low-cost and maintenance free systems. Permeable reactive barrier (PRB) system is suitable as in-situ remediation technique for the contaminated groundwater. In this study, adsorption (for Cd and Pb) and permeability characteristics were evaluated for locally available and low-cost materials (soil, coconuts shell biochar, and crushed brick) obtained from Sri Lanka as filling materials in the PRB system. In the experiments, the mixed materials with different ratios were used. Maximum adsorption capacity for both Cd and Pb was the highest observed in biochar 100%. For the permeability characteristics, hydraulic conductivity for the mixed materials generally increased with decreasing degree of compaction. The mixed material, soil 25% + biochar 25% + brick 50%, showed the highest hydraulic conductivity at degree of compaction with around 75%, showing more than 10-3 cm/s.