2:30 PM - 2:45 PM
[AHW16-16] Study on transport of particulate organic matter from river to ocean using carbon isotopes
Keywords:POM, radiocarbon, coastal sediment, AMS
We selected two rivers in wetland, Bekanbeushi and Kushiro Rivers, and six rivers in forest and paddy field such as the Ishikari, Saru and Teshio Rivers in northern part of Japan, Kuzuryu River in the central part and the Chikugo River in Kyushu Island in Japan. Suspended particles were concentrated with a single-flow continuous-flow centrifuge from 60-100 l of river waters.
Organic carbon contents were determined using a elemental analyzer. Prior to analysis for the riverine suspended solids, carbonates were removed by adding 0.1 M HCl solution. 14C measurements were performed by accelerator mass spectrometry at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency and the National Institute for Environmental Studies in Japan. The capitaldelta14C is defined as the deviation in parts per thousand from the modern standard. delta13C values were determined for sub-samples of the CO2 gas generated during graphite production, using an isotope ratio mass spectrometer.
The paired capitaldelta14C vs. delta13C distributions vary with the river systems and divided into three groups. Riverine POM in wetland has lower in delta13C and higher in 14C rather than those of rivers in forest and fluvial plain. This indicates higher contribution of younger organic matter at the wetland river systems. The riverine POM has different ranges of delta13C and capitaldelta14C among the rivers running through forest area. The Teshio River samples are plotted in higher delta13C and capitaldelta14C than those of other rivers. The Tokachi River has larger variations of delta13C and capitaldelta14C values. On the other hand, the Ishikari and Saru Rivers are almost plotted in similar distribution area except for the spring snow melt sample of the Saru. The capitaldelta14C values of Saru River are -296‰ to -247‰ for the summer and -720‰ for the spring samples. The similar result was observed for the spring samples of Tokachi and Bekanbeushi Rivers. The riverine POM with older age shows the presence of fossil organic matter such as bitumens or kerogen, and/or the entrainment of terrigenous organic matter of long residence times within the drainage basin. The Kuzuryu River system shows different distribution at the Kuzuryu and its brech river, Hino River. Consequently, the land-use type in the river watershed is related to the sources as well as the transport and sedimentation processes of POM.