Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW16] Water and material transport and cycles in catchment ecosystems: from headwater to coastal area

Thu. May 26, 2016 3:30 PM - 4:45 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Seiko Yoshikawa(Narional Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences), Masahiro Kobayashi(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute), Noboru Okuda(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University), Kazuhisa Chikita(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University), Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Shinji Nakaya(Department of Water Environment and Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University), Mitsuyo Saito(Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University)

3:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[AHW16-P10] Transportation mechanism of trace elements from river to the inside of paddy rice in river water system

*kengo muroda1, Shinji Nakaya1,2, Mistunori Ishikawa1, Harue Masuda3 (1.Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, 2.Department of Water Environment and Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, 3.Department of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Osaka City University)

Keywords:toxic trace element, rice, river, colloid, Mt. Yatsugatake, Mt. Asama

Some toxic and nutrient trace elements are often transported to paddy field through irrigation from river water. The transportation mechanism of toxic trace elements in a local river water system is important for sustainable, environmental conservation and for risk reduction. In order to clarify the mechanism for transportation and deposition of toxic trace elements from river water to paddy rice, we analyze the concentration of trace and major elements in two river waters, paddy field waters, and paddy rice, root, shoot, leaf, and grain, separately, in headwaters, which is in volcanic rock areas near Mt. Asama and Mt. Yatsugatake in Saku, Nagano. The number of sampling are at 15 points in waters of river and of paddy field, and 2 points in paddy rice in each Asama area and Yatsugatake area.
From the correlation between major elements and toxic trace elements, it is inferred that Fe-colloid works as an attracter due to sorption to trace elements in a river. In paddy field, some trace elements are likely to precipitate with Fe-colloid, and other trace elements in water-soluble state can infiltrate into soil. The following conclusions are obtained: 1) The toxic trace elements in river waters are with compatible major attracter elements; (a) Fe-colloid for (Cr, Cu, Ga, La, Zn, Cs, U) and (Ti, Al, Mn) in Mt. Yatsugatake area, (b) Fe-colloid for (Cr, Cu, Zn) and (Al) in Mt. Asama area, 2) (a) No attractor for (Se, Rb, Sr) in river water in Mt. Yatsugatake area, (b) No attractor for (Se, V, Ga, Ge, Sr, Y, Cs, Ba, La, U) and (Mn, Ti) in river water in Mt. Asama area. And 3) (As, Cd, Mn, Ni, Sb, Sr, Zn) are transported with Fe from root to shoot in paddy rice, while (As, Co, Mn, Sr, Zn) are transported with Fe from shoot to grain in paddy rice, and (Sr, Zn) are transported with Fe from shoot to leaf in paddy rice. Especially, we conclude that As is transported with Fe from root to grain through root in paddy rice.
From the described above, it is modeled that first, Fe-colloid works as an attractor of trace elements, transporting them to paddy fields, second, Fe works as a transporter of trace elements from root to shoot, however, from shoot to leaf, and from shoot to grain, some trace elements are transported and deposited in separating from Fe.