Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW18] Isotope Hydrology 2016

Wed. May 25, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 202 (2F)

Convener:*Masaya Yasuhara(Rissho Univ.), Kohei Kazahaya(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Shinji Ohsawa(Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Futaba Kazama(Social Cystem Engineering, Division of Engineering, Interdiciplinary Graduate School of Medical and Engineering, University of Yamanashi), Masaaki Takahashi(The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), YUICHI SUZUKI(Faculty of Geo-Environmental Sience,Rissho University), Chair:Masaya Yasuhara(Rissho Univ.)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[AHW18-02] Helium isotopes in groundwaters in the southeast part of the Gunma Prefecture, Japan.

*Noritoshi Morikawa1, Masaya Yasuhara2, Akihiko Inamura1, Masaaki Takahashi1, Takeshi Hayashi3, Akinobu Miyakoshi1 (1.Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, 2.Rissho University, 3.Akita University)

Keywords:Helium, Groundwater, Tone River, Kanto Plain, Chloride Ion, Noble Gas

Three distinct regions in the Kanto plain, central Japan, are recognized as the region existing lumps of groundwaters with high Cl- concentrations: (1) central parts of the Kanto plain (eastern part of Saitama Prefecture), (2) south-east parts of the Gunma Prefecture along the middle reaches of the Tone river north of the Area (1), (3) floodplains and diluvial uplands along the lower reaches of the Tone river (Ibaraki and Chiba Prefectures).
The high-chloride groundwaters from the central parts of the Kanto plain are characterized by the following features; (a) helium isotopic ratios (3He/4He) are relatively homogeneous with an end member of 0.8-1.1 x 10-6, (b) 4He concentrations show positive correlation with chloride concentration (Morikawa et al., 2006). Morikawa et al (2014) investigated the noble gases in the deeper groundwaters (hot springs) in the central parts of the Kanto plain and the high-chloride groundwaters from southeast part of the Gunma Prefecture to elucidate the origin of water and chloride component. Low 3He/4He ratios in the hot springs indicate that there is almost no interconnectivity between the high chloride groundwater and hot spring water around these regions. In contrast, the groundwaters from observation wells for land subsidence in the southeast parts of the Gunma Prefecture are somewhat similar to those in the groundwaters in the central part of the Kanto Plain. However, the correlation between chloride and helium concentrations was relatively weak with relatively large 3He/4He variation.
In this study, we further conducted complementary investigation for the groundwaters in the southeast part of Gunma Prefecture. The results revealed that groundwater with high chloride-4He concentrations were also observed along the left bank of the Tone river. This region, however, is limited in an area of about 15 km from west-northwest to east-southwest and 5 km from north to south. The groundwaters from the outside of this region contained relatively low 4He concentration with weak chloride-4He correlation. This observation implies that high He concentration with moderately high 3He/4He components in groundwaters are originated in the south-east portion, near the Tone river, of Gunma prefecture and may relevant to a geological structure in deeper region of this region.
References: Morikawa et al. (2006) JPGU 2006, H121-004, Morikawa et al. (2014) JPGU 2014, AHW25-12