Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW18] Isotope Hydrology 2016

Wed. May 25, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 202 (2F)

Convener:*Masaya Yasuhara(Rissho Univ.), Kohei Kazahaya(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Shinji Ohsawa(Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Futaba Kazama(Social Cystem Engineering, Division of Engineering, Interdiciplinary Graduate School of Medical and Engineering, University of Yamanashi), Masaaki Takahashi(The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), YUICHI SUZUKI(Faculty of Geo-Environmental Sience,Rissho University), Chair:Takashi Nakamura(International Research Center for River Basin Environment, University of YAMANASHI)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[AHW18-08] Analyzing origin of rainwater and shallow groundwater in seasonal wetlands of north-central Namibia

*Tetsuya Hiyama1, Hironari Kanamori1, Jack R. Kambatuku2, Kazuyoshi Asai3, Morio Iijima4 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Namibia, 3.Geo Science Laboratory, 4.Faculty of Agriculture, Kinki University)

Keywords:atmospheric water budget, stable water isotopes (SWIs), water-food security

This study discussed on origin of rain- and subsurface-water (or shallow groundwater) in seasonal wetlands of north-central Namibia, which is locally called as the Cuvelai system seasonal wetlands (CSSWs). In order to do this, stable water isotopes (SWIs) of hydrogen and oxygen in rain-water, surface-water and subsurface-water were analysed. Especially rain-water samples were taken from all rainfall events in a whole wet season from October 2013 to April 2014. Then the isotopic ratio of SWIs in each rain-water sample was analyzed and used to derive annual mean value of the isotopic ratio of SWIs in precipitation weighted by each rainfall amount. This annual mean value was revealed to be a good indicator in order to detect how subsurface-water in CSSWs formed in the region through the use of delta diagram. Consequently the SWIs analysis in rain-, surface-, and subsurface-water revealed that shallow groundwater of small wetlands in the region was very likely to be recharged from surface-water, source of which was local rain-water and was temporary pooled in the lowest part of each small wetland. This was supported from the tritium counting of the current rain- and subsurface-water in the region. In order to confirm the origin of rain-water, atmospheric water budget analysis was also conducted using an atmospheric reanalysis data. From this analysis, it was found that around three-fourths of rain-water was derived from recycled water in local-regional scales.