Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW18] Isotope Hydrology 2016

Wed. May 25, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Masaya Yasuhara(Rissho Univ.), Kohei Kazahaya(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Shinji Ohsawa(Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Futaba Kazama(Social Cystem Engineering, Division of Engineering, Interdiciplinary Graduate School of Medical and Engineering, University of Yamanashi), Masaaki Takahashi(The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), YUICHI SUZUKI(Faculty of Geo-Environmental Sience,Rissho University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[AHW18-P06] Systematic estimation and correction of Ba induced interference in ICP-MS for direct and quick analysis of REEs in geothermal waters

*Qing CHANG1, Hitomi Nakamura1,2, Kotona Chiba1, Hikaru Iwamori1,2 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:Ba-induced interference, REE, geothermal waters, ICP-MS

High barium concentration and Ba/REE ratios are commonly observed in geothermal waters such as Arima-type brines, making it difficult to precisely determine REE characteristics, e.g., Eu, Ce anomalies and REE patterns of this kind of high matrix (major solutes) and ultra-low REE waters. We systematically evaluated Ba induced molecular ions in ICP-MS operated at solution mode and established a new correction method for direct determination of REE in high salinity geothermal waters.
Ba has seven isotopes from 130Ba to 138Ba with natural abundance of 0.1% to 71.7%, each of them will produce molecular ions in forms of oxide, hydroxide, hydride and argide in argon plasma. These molecular ions cover a mass range from 139 (138BaH) to 178 (138BaAr), theoretically overlapping with most of REE isotopes in complicated combinations. For example, both BaO and BaOH overlap the masses of light to middle REE isotopes, especially Eu. Conventional correction method simply considers that bulk interfering on Eu is contributed by BaO, and may result in large uncertainty or erroneous of REE anomalies and patterns. In this work we separately evaluated production rates of Ba oxide, hydroxide, hydride and argide for each of Ba isotopes in solution mode ICP-MS. Our data show that BaOH and BaO are major interfering species over Nd, Sm, Eu and Gd peaks. BaH and 138Ba peak tailing seriously overlap with La and Ce signals. Argides are ignorable. Heavy REEs and Pr are free from a significant overlapping with any of the Ba induced interference. All the interference can be quantitatively estimated and reliably corrected for REE analysis.
We demonstrated the correction strategy by analysis of reference riverine water (SLRS-4) doped with Ba to Ba/Eu=125,000 similar to Arima-type brines. Determined REE data of Ba-doped SLRS-4 agrees very well with certified values. The method was also applied to determine REE compositions of various spring waters including Arima-type brine of the Arima area in southwest Japan (Nakamura et al, 2015). In this case, Ba induced interferences contributed to La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu and Gd raw signals for 92%, 24%, 48%, 78%, 96% and 75%, respectively. The intra REE interferences, e.g., PrO, NdO and SmO overlapping over middle and heavy REE signals, were less than 2.7% (mostly <1%), thus ignorable for discussion.