5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[AOS03-P02] Trends of oxygen with bidecadal oscillations in the Oyashio region and its propagation to the western North Pacific
Keywords:deoxygenation, bidecadal oscillation, western North Pacific
Significant linear trends toward decreasing O2 were detected between 26.6σθ and 27.5σθ in the Oyashio region. The contribution of the decrease in the saturation concentration of O2 due to warming was small (<10%). The largest decreasing rate in O2 was found on 26.7σθ (-0.72 ± 0.11 μmol kg-1 yr-1) while it was attributed to a deepening effect of isopycnal horizons by approximately 33%. Because this density corresponds to temperature minimum layer formed in winter convection in the subarctic zone and surface density in winter has been decreasing, the decreasing O2 around 26.7σθ would be predominantly attributed to the reduction of ventilation. At 27.0σθ, O2 decline would be attributed to that in the Sea of Okhotsk where O2 has been decreasing in this density due to the decrease in the formation of dense shelf water (DSW) in association with the decrease in sea ice forming. In deeper layers with densities up to 27.5σθ, O2 decreases would also be explained by the reduction of DSW that propagates through diapycnal mixing in the Bussol’ Strait. Furthermore, the O2 reduction in deep layer might be attributed to the increasing contribution of Western Subarctic water through strengthening of the Aleutian Low. In the Oyashio region, bidecadal oscillations of O2 have been observed in 26.6σθ–27.5σθ. The periodicities were almost constant at 16.4–19.6 years, and were vertically synchronized within 1 year. Along the 165°E section, the bidecadal oscillations were also found horizontally in 30°N–42.5°N on 26.8σθ with a time lag of 1–3 years from the Oyashio region, and vertically in 40°N up to the subtropical OML at 27.5σθ. It suggests that the bidecadal oscillations extended horizontally and vertically to the regions where the subarctic water influences. These results demonstrate that the western subarctic North Pacific is playing an important role as an origin for secular trends and natural variability in dissolved O2.