Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS03] Marine ecosystem and biogeochemical cycles: theory, observation and modeling

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Shin-ichi Ito(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Takafumi Hirata(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Eileen E. Hofmann(Old Dominion University), Charles Stock(Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[AOS03-P02] Trends of oxygen with bidecadal oscillations in the Oyashio region and its propagation to the western North Pacific

*Daisuke Sasano1, Yusuke Takatani2, Naohiro Kosugi1, Takashi Midorikawa1, Toshiya Nakano2, Masao Ishii1 (1.Meteorological Research Institute, 2.Japan Meteorological Agency)

Keywords:deoxygenation, bidecadal oscillation, western North Pacific

Over the past decades, secular trends toward decrease in dissolved O2 have been observed in a variety of regions and depths in the North Pacific [Keeling et al., 2010, and references therein]. In the western North Pacific, O2 decrease has been markedly found around 26.8σθ that corresponds to the core of North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW) along the 137°E section [Takatani et al., 2012] and the 165°E section [Sasano et al., 2015]. NPIW is formed in the subsurface of the Kuroshio-Oyashio Interfrontal Zone in the region offshore of northern Japan, and the Oyashio water is considered as one of the source of NPIW. In the Oyashio region, Ono et al. [2001] have found the trends toward increase in AOU and its bidecadal oscillations between 26.7σθ and 27.2σθ using time series data for the period of 1968–1998 in winter. They speculated that the reduction of ventilation caused the decreases in O2. However, because the depth of isopycnal horizon of 27.2σθ is much deeper than that of 26.7σθ and does not outcrop in the western North Pacific, it is necessary to improve our understanding of these controlling factors. In this study, the controlling factors of secular trends in dissolved O2 in the Oyashio region was investigated based on long-term hydrographic and biogeochemical measurements made over 1954–2014. We also evaluated the bidecadal oscillations in dissolved O2 in the Oyashio region. Through the comparison of secular trends and bidecadal oscillations with those along the 165°E section, their propagation from the Oyashio region to the wide range of the western North Pacific was evaluated.
Significant linear trends toward decreasing O2 were detected between 26.6σθ and 27.5σθ in the Oyashio region. The contribution of the decrease in the saturation concentration of O2 due to warming was small (<10%). The largest decreasing rate in O2 was found on 26.7σθ (-0.72 ± 0.11 μmol kg-1 yr-1) while it was attributed to a deepening effect of isopycnal horizons by approximately 33%. Because this density corresponds to temperature minimum layer formed in winter convection in the subarctic zone and surface density in winter has been decreasing, the decreasing O2 around 26.7σθ would be predominantly attributed to the reduction of ventilation. At 27.0σθ, O2 decline would be attributed to that in the Sea of Okhotsk where O2 has been decreasing in this density due to the decrease in the formation of dense shelf water (DSW) in association with the decrease in sea ice forming. In deeper layers with densities up to 27.5σθ, O2 decreases would also be explained by the reduction of DSW that propagates through diapycnal mixing in the Bussol’ Strait. Furthermore, the O2 reduction in deep layer might be attributed to the increasing contribution of Western Subarctic water through strengthening of the Aleutian Low. In the Oyashio region, bidecadal oscillations of O2 have been observed in 26.6σθ–27.5σθ. The periodicities were almost constant at 16.4–19.6 years, and were vertically synchronized within 1 year. Along the 165°E section, the bidecadal oscillations were also found horizontally in 30°N–42.5°N on 26.8σθ with a time lag of 1–3 years from the Oyashio region, and vertically in 40°N up to the subtropical OML at 27.5σθ. It suggests that the bidecadal oscillations extended horizontally and vertically to the regions where the subarctic water influences. These results demonstrate that the western subarctic North Pacific is playing an important role as an origin for secular trends and natural variability in dissolved O2.