Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS03] Marine ecosystem and biogeochemical cycles: theory, observation and modeling

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Shin-ichi Ito(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Takafumi Hirata(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Eileen E. Hofmann(Old Dominion University), Charles Stock(Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[AOS03-P09] Phytoplankton Community Structure and Zooplankton Abundance around The Kuroshio Western Boundary Current

*Takafumi Hirata1, Koji Suzuki1, Hiroomi Miyamoto2 (1.Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute)

Keywords:Phytoplankton , Zooplankton, Kuroshio

The Kuroshio is one of the largest western boundary currents in the world. In spite of the recognition of its importance on coastal fisheries in the Kuroshio waters, ecological mechanisms supporting fisheries production are poorly known. Recent marine ecosystem models made significant advancement in representing interactions among physical, biogeochemical and biological processes, yet interactions among different organisms within the biological processes is not necessarily well represented, mainly due to a lack of sufficient observation data required for modeling. Here we extended in situ observation of multiple phytoplankton groups into satellite observation and investigated their interactions with zooplankton such as copepods, using Artificial Neural Network. We found that phytoplankton (especially diatoms) played an important role in explaining zooplankton variability but only so in summer time in some waters. In winter-time, however, zooplankton abundance was rather independent of phytoplankton (chlorophyll) biomass (regardless of phytoplankton groups) and was largely explained by environmental factors such as a velocity of the Kuroshio. These results did not contradict the dilution-recoupling hypothesis, although a further investigation remains necessary to support the hypothesis.