3:00 PM - 3:15 PM
[AOS04-06] Numerical Study of the Impacts of Ocean Bottom Roughness and Tidal Flow Amplitude on Abyssal Mixing
Keywords:Abyssal Mixing , Parameterization, Global Overturning Circulation, Ocean Bottom Roughness, Tidal Flow
Following the previous study (Mohri et al., 2010) and using a fixed N value, we assume that internal waves generated by tide-topography interactions can be classified into linear internal tides when kU0/ω<1 and quasi-steady lee waves when kU0/ω>1, where U0 is the tidal flow amplitude, k the benthic bathymetric wavenumber, N the buoyancy frequency and ω the semidiurnal tidal frequency. Of special note is that the vertical group velocity Cgz is inversely proportional to k for linear internal tides and proportional to kU02 for quasi-steady lee waves, although the resonant interaction time is roughly inversely proportional to k for both cases. As a result, the resulting mixing hotspot becomes more restricted to the ocean bottom as bottom roughness increases for kU0/ω<1, independent of the tidal flow amplitude, but it extends upward as the tidal flow amplitude increases for kU0/ω>1, independent of the bottom roughness. In both cases, we can find a trade-off relationship between the energy dissipation rate at the ocean bottom and its vertical extent.
The accuracy of global circulation models will be improved by reflecting these results in the parameterization of mixing over rough bathymetry.