Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS14] Ocean Mixing Processes: Impact on Biogeochemistry, Climate and Ecosystem

Sun. May 22, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 102 (1F)

Convener:*Yutaka Yoshikawa(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Naomi Harada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Jun Nishioka(Hokkaido University, Institute of low temperature sciences), Chair:Yutaka Yoshikawa(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[AOS14-05] Seasonal variations in the nitrogen isotopic composition of settling particles at station K2 in the western subarctic North Pacific

*YOSHIHISA MINO1, CHIHO SUKIGARA1, HAJIME KAWAKAMI2, MAKIO C HONDA2, KAZUHIKO MATSUMOTO2, MASAHIDE WAKITA2, MINORU KITAMURA2, TETSUICHI FUJIKI2, KOSEI SASAOKA2, OSAMU ABE3, JAN KAISER4 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 4.University of East Anglia)

Keywords:nitrogen isotopes, suspended and settling particles, nitrogen recycling, biological pump

Intensive observations using hydrographical cruises and moored sediment trap deployments during 2010 and 2012 at station K2 in the North Pacific western subarctic gyre (WSG) revealed seasonal changes in δ15N of both suspended and settling particles. Suspended particles (SUS) were collected from depths between the surface and 200 m; settling particles by drifting sediment traps (DST; 100-200 m) and moored traps (MST; 200 and 500 m). All particles showed higher δ15N values in winter and lower in summer, contrary to the expected by isotopic fractionation during phytoplankton nitrate consumption. We suggest that these observed isotopic patterns are due to ammonium consumption via light-controlled nitrification, which could induce variations in δ15N(SUS) of 0.4-3.1 ‰ in the euphotic zone (EZ). The δ15N(SUS) signature was reflected by δ15N(DST) despite modifications during biogenic transformation from suspended particles in the EZ. δ15N enrichment (average: 3.6 ‰) and the increase in C:N ratio (by 1.6) in settling particles suggests year-round contributions of metabolites from herbivorous zooplankton as well as TEPs produced by diatoms. Accordingly, seasonal δ15N(DST) variations of 2.4-7.0 ‰ showed a significant correlation with primary productivity (PP) at K2. By applying the observed δ15N(DST) vs. PP regression to δ15N(MST) of 1.9-8.0 ‰, we constructed the first annual time-series of PP changes in the WSG. Moreover, the monthly export ratio at 500 m was calculated using both estimated PP and measured organic carbon fluxes. Results suggest a 1.6 to 1.8 times more efficient transport of photosynthetically-fixed carbon to the intermediate layers occurs in summer/autumn rather than winter/spring.