Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-CG Complex & General

[B-CG04] Earth and Planetary Science Frontiers for Life and Global Environment

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Yohey Suzuki(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Yoshinori Takano(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Shingo Kato(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Katsunori Yanagawa(Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University), Tadashi Yokoyama(Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[BCG04-P02] Biogeochemical cycle of methanol in anoxic deep-sea sediments of the eastern Japan Sea

*Katsunori Yanagawa1, Atsushi Tani2, Naoya Yamamoto2, Akihiro Hachikubo3, Akihiro Kano1, Ryo Matsumoto4, Yohey Suzuki5 (1.Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University, 2.Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 3.Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology, 4.Gas Hydrate Laboratory, Meiji University, 5.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:methanol, deep-sea sediment, subseafloor biosphere

Methanol is one of the most important carbon and energy sources in anoxic environments. However, the biological flux and lifetime of methanol in anoxic marine sediments are largely unknown. In this study, we report quantitative methanol removal rates in subsurface sediments for the first time. Methanol concentrations in pore water from Japan Sea sediments gradually increased with depth below the sulfate-methane transition zone. Based on anaerobic incubation experiments with radiotracers, high rates of microbial methanol consumption were detected in the sediments. Our experiments also showed that the methanol oxidation to CO2 surpassed methanol assimilation and methanogenesis from CO2/H2 and methanol. Nonetheless, a significant decrease in methanol was not observed after incubation, likely because of the microbial production of methanol in parallel with its consumption. This study suggests that microbial reactions play an important role in the sources and sinks of methanol in subseafloor sediments.