Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-CG Complex & General

[B-CG04] Earth and Planetary Science Frontiers for Life and Global Environment

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Yohey Suzuki(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Yoshinori Takano(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Shingo Kato(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Katsunori Yanagawa(Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University), Tadashi Yokoyama(Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[BCG04-P05] Biogeochemistry and subglacial meltwater limnology in East Antarctica: insight from microbial response with subglacial silica input in a perennially ice-covered lake at Rundvagshetta

*Yoshinori Takano1, Yusuke Yokoyama2, Manabu Fukui3 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 2.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 3.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:Biogeochemistry within subglacial weathering, Subglacial meltwater limnology and microbial ecology

Since the discovery of subglacial Antarctic lakes by radio-echo sounding in the late 1960s, numerous subglacial lakes including extensive networks of subglacial meltwater channels (e.g., Anderson et al., 2002; Wingham et al., 2006) have been identified during the past two decades (e.g., Priscu et al., 1999; Christner et al., 2006). To date, Siegert and co-workers compiled an inventory of 145 subglacial lakes beneath the East and West Antarctic Ice Sheet (Siegert et al., 2005). The subglacial water, which is initially derived from melting due to geothermal heat (heat flow rates, ~50 mW m–2; Siegert et al., 2012), is involved in various water–rock interaction processes beneath the ice sheet, and these interactions play important roles in the supply of nutrients, including trace metals, to organisms in Antarctic environments.
Firstly, silicon (Si) is one of the critical elements limiting the growth of Antarctic diatoms (e.g., Nelson and Treguer, 1992), likewise nitrogen and other elements (e.g., Hutchins and Bruland, 1998). Moreover, glacial Fe inputs including particulate and dissolved Fe are significant as a biologically essential element to the Southern Ocean (Raiswell and Canfield, 2012). In addition to nutrient input by seasonal snowmelt, subglacial meltwater flowing through channels may influence the productivity and diversity of microbial communities by controlling the concentrations of nutrients and the physico-chemical conditions of glacial environments. Secondly, glacial lakes affected by subglacial water input can be observed at the retreating margins of the Antarctic ice sheet. In the Rundvågshetta area on the Soya Coast of Lützow-Holm Bay, East Antarctica, fresh water flows from subglacial drainage channels of the EAIS.
The objective of this study is to examine the interaction between the limnology of subglacial water input and microbiological responses in the perennially-ice covered glacial lake in Rundvagshetta (i.e., Lake Maruwan) over the last 6000 years. Greenish–grayish organic-rich laminations in sediment cores from the lakes indicate continuous primary production affected by inflow of subglacial meltwater containing relic carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and other essential nutrients. Biogenic silica, amorphous hydrated silica, and DNA-based molecular signatures of sedimentary facies indicate that diatom assemblages are the dominant primary producers supported by the input of inorganic silicon (Si) from the subglacial inflow.This study highlights the significance of subglacial water–rock interactions during physical and chemical weathering processes for an important source of bioavailable nutrients.
Part of this work has been presented at the AGU Chapman Conference on the Exploration and Study of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environment. This research was supported in part by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (Y.T.) and NEXT program No. GR031 (Y.Y).
Takano, Y., Kojima, H., Takeda, E., Yokoyama, Y., and Fukui, M. (2015) Biogeochemistry and limnology in Antarctic subglacial weathering: molecular evidence of the linkage between subglacial silica input and primary producers in a perennially ice-covered lake. Progress in Earth and Planetary Science, 2:8. doi: 10.1186/s40645-015-0036-7.
Takano, Y., Tyler, J.J., Kojima, H., Yokoyama, Y., Tanabe, Y., Sato, T., Ogawa, O.N., Ohkouchi, N. and Fukui, M. (2012) Holocene lake development and glacial-isostatic uplift at Lake Skallen and Lake Oyako, Lutzow-Holm Bay, East Antarctica: based on biogeochemical facies and molecular signatures. Applied Geochemistry, 27, 2546-2559.