Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT03] Biomineralization and the Geochemistry of Proxies -Field ecology, Laboratory culture and Paleo

Sun. May 22, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 101B (1F)

Convener:*Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Hiroshi Kitazato(Institute of Biogeosciences (BioGeos),Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Jelle Bijma(Alfred-Wegener-Institut fur Polar- und Meeresforschung), Simon Redfern(University of Cambridge), Chair:Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC))

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[BPT03-10] Syndepositional formation of calcareous nodules on muddy sea floor: elucidating depositional history by C, O, S isotope characterization

*Takashi Hasegawa1, Yosuke Kobiyama2 (1.Department of Earth Sciences, Kanazawa University, 2.Devision of Natural System, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University)

Keywords:calcareous nodule, oxygen isotope, sulfur isotope, carbon isotope

Calcareous nodules are commonly observed in mudstone sequences, however, paleodepositional condition including paleothermometry have never been discussed based on its chemistry without exceptional case such as methane seepage. It partly owes to their complicated deposional history. We characterized dark grey muddy carbonate nodules collected from Cretaceous strata in Hokkaido, Japan with carbon, oxygen, sulfide sulfur and sulfate sulfur isotopes, and demonstrated the syndepositional formation of some nodules. It is notable that initial formation of carbonate “precursor” for all muddy nodules studied here were syndepositional near oxic/anoxic boundary at shallower depth of muddy sea floor.

Some outcrop observations demonstrate calcareous nodules can be formed just below the sea bottom (JBSB). Structure suggesting consolidation JBSB includes burrows that eject calcareous precursor material from nodule. JBSB origin of the nodules consolidated associated with anaerobic oxidation of methane (identified by carbon isotope (d13C) values) with sulfate reduction are also demonstrated with oxygen isotope (d18O) and sulfur isotope (d34S) values. Such nodules show the exactly same d18O values with that of benthic foraminifers. A bivalve fossil found on one of the methane seep nodules preserved aragonite of the shell and yielded close d18O paleotemperature with that of host nodule.

The cross-plot of the d13C and d18O data can emerge “upper limit line” of d18O values showing syndepositional formation. On the other hand, nodules from the Oyubari area characterized with d34S(sulfate) lower than -18 permil indicating JBSB formation had conflicting d18O values. It can be ascribed to the difference of burial depth between sediments of the Haboro and Oyubari areas. Even if precursor of the nodules initially crystalized JBSB, strong compaction during burial would have caused permeation of pore water into the incomplete nodules. Carbon dioxide or bicarbonate ions derived from decomposed organic matter would have caused recrystallization of calcite with d18O as low as -10 permil in the nodule.