Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT03] Biomineralization and the Geochemistry of Proxies -Field ecology, Laboratory culture and Paleo

Sun. May 22, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 101B (1F)

Convener:*Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Hiroshi Kitazato(Institute of Biogeosciences (BioGeos),Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Jelle Bijma(Alfred-Wegener-Institut fur Polar- und Meeresforschung), Simon Redfern(University of Cambridge), Chair:Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC))

12:00 PM - 12:15 PM

[BPT03-12] Oxygen isotope and Mg/Ca ratio of high magnesium calcite of benthic foraminifera as a proxy for water temperature

*Ayumi Maeda1, Kazuhiko Fujita2, Atsushi Suzuki3, Keiji Horikawa4, Toshihiro Yoshimura1, Hodaka Kawahata1 (1.Atomosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Department of Physics and Earth scieneces, University of the Ryukyus, 3.Geological Survey of Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Sience and Technology, 4.Graduate School of Engineer and Science, University of Toyama)

Keywords:high magnesium calcite, proxy for water temperature, large benthic foraminifera

Although metal/Ca or oxygen isotopes (δ18O) of organic precipitated calcium carbonate (calcite and aragonite) of marine species have been used to estimate paleotemperature, the relationships between components of large benthic foraminiferal shells (high-magnesium calcite) and seawater temperature has yet to be established. We investigated the possibility as a proxy for seawater temperature through culture experiments of three species of reef-dwelling large benthic foraminifera in a laboratory. Three species found commonly in the western Pacific were selected including perforate species Calcarina gaudichaudii, and imperforate species Amphisorus kudakajimensis. All of them are host to algal symbionts. They grew sufficiently during culture experiments and showed a maximum in terms of shell length and weight at 27℃ and 29℃ while they were significantly small at 30℃. Mg/Ca ratios of three species in similar range showed high correlation to water temperature, suggesting Mg/Ca ratios as a precise proxy for paleo-temperature in shallow-reef environment. In terms of δ18O, C. gaudichaudii showed strong correlation versus temperature while δ18O of A. kudakajimensis showed less significant correlation possively caused by poor growth of unhealthy individuals. The trends in the temperature and oxygen isotope ratios were similar for both species, suggesting the potential of oxygen isotope ratios in the tests of reef-dwelling foraminifera as a paleo-thermometer. Species-specific calibration may be necessary for the use of δ18O of reef-dwelling large benthic foraminifera as a proxy of paleo-temperature.