Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT03] Biomineralization and the Geochemistry of Proxies -Field ecology, Laboratory culture and Paleo

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Hiroshi Kitazato(Institute of Biogeosciences (BioGeos),Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Jelle Bijma(Alfred-Wegener-Institut fur Polar- und Meeresforschung), Simon Redfern(University of Cambridge)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[BPT03-P04] Effects of ocean acidification on shell and somatic growth, and stable isotopes of shell carbonate of two species of abalones

*Kozue Nishida1,2, Akari Nagoshi3, Atsushi Suzuki1, Takahiro Irie3, Masahiro Hayashi4, Yuzo Yamamoto4, Ryota Suwa4, Yusuke Watanabe4, Takashi Kikkawa4, Mizuho Sato1,5, Rei Nakashima1, Yukihiro Nojiri6,7, Hodaka Kawahata3 (1.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 2.The University Museum, UTokyo, 3.AORI, UTokyo, 4.Marine Ecology Research Institute, 5.Asahi Geo-Survey Co. Ltd, 6.Hirosaki University, 7.National Institute for Environmental Studies)

Keywords:ocean acidification, culture experiment, stable isotopes, abalone, metabolism, biomineralization

Ocean acidification is now one of the important issue to appreciate the impact on marine calcifiers (IPCC, 2013), and potentially affects their survival, calcification, growth, physiology and development. To evaluate the effects of elevated CO2 levels on shell and somatic growth, and stable isotope compositions of two species of abalones (Haliotis discus discus, Haliotis gigantea), we conducted culture experiments at three treatment levels of seawater pCO2 (400, 750, and 1200 µatm), at approximately 23 °C.

The effects of seawater pH on calcification (shell width, shell weight) was non-significant in both species. On the other hand, the positive relationships between pH and wet weight of soft tissue of two species were observed. Their adjusted wet weight of soft tissue at 1200 µatm was significantly greater than that at 400 µatm. These results suggest that elevated pCO2 affected their metabolism (e.g. higher metabolic rates to maintain homeostasis).

Stable oxygen isotope compositions of outer (calcite) and inner (aragonite) shell layers of two species showed non-significant relationships with pH. The negative correlations between carbon isotope compositions and pH of both layers appeared in both species, and the slopes of these relationships of shells were lower than that of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) of seawater. We estimated the equilibrium values of carbon isotope compositions at each pCO2 treatment, and the difference between the carbon isotope compositions of shell and equilibrium values showed gradual increases in shell carbon isotope compositions with decreasing pH. Thus, the pCO2-induced change in metabolism of abalones might appear in carbon isotope compositions of shells as the metabolic effect.