5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[BPT03-P04] Effects of ocean acidification on shell and somatic growth, and stable isotopes of shell carbonate of two species of abalones
Keywords:ocean acidification, culture experiment, stable isotopes, abalone, metabolism, biomineralization
The effects of seawater pH on calcification (shell width, shell weight) was non-significant in both species. On the other hand, the positive relationships between pH and wet weight of soft tissue of two species were observed. Their adjusted wet weight of soft tissue at 1200 µatm was significantly greater than that at 400 µatm. These results suggest that elevated pCO2 affected their metabolism (e.g. higher metabolic rates to maintain homeostasis).
Stable oxygen isotope compositions of outer (calcite) and inner (aragonite) shell layers of two species showed non-significant relationships with pH. The negative correlations between carbon isotope compositions and pH of both layers appeared in both species, and the slopes of these relationships of shells were lower than that of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) of seawater. We estimated the equilibrium values of carbon isotope compositions at each pCO2 treatment, and the difference between the carbon isotope compositions of shell and equilibrium values showed gradual increases in shell carbon isotope compositions with decreasing pH. Thus, the pCO2-induced change in metabolism of abalones might appear in carbon isotope compositions of shells as the metabolic effect.