Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT05] Decoding the history of Earth: From Hadean to Modern

Wed. May 25, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 105 (1F)

Convener:*Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Kato(Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chair:Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[BPT05-05] Evidence from the Acasta zircons for consistent occurrence of magmas with moderately elevated d18O throughout the Eoarchean

*Takayuki Ushikubo1, Tsuyoshi Iizuka2, Michael J. Spicuzza3, John W. Valley3 (1.Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.University of Tokyo, 3.University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Keywords:Acasta Gneiss, zircon, oxygen isotope, SIMS

Oxygen isotope ratio of undamaged zircon is a refractory signature and useful to infer petrogenesis of its host rock [1,2]. The d18O values of zircons from primitive magmas are 5.3±0.6‰ (2 SD)[3]. Occurrence of ‘supracrustal’ d18O values (>6.3‰) in >4 Ga zircons from the Jack Hills, Western Australia indicates existence of hydrated crustal rocks and chemically differentiated crust by 4.3 Ga [4]. However, because Jack Hills zircons are detrital and no host rock is known, it is difficult to reconstruct crustal evolution in the early Earth. The Acasta Gneiss Complex (AGC) in the Slave Province, Canada is one of the best places to study early crustal evolution because multiple generations of Eoarchean rocks are preserved [5].
In this study, oxygen isotope ratios (d18O) of zircons from six felsic gneisses and one pegmatite of the AGC [5] were measured with an ion microprobe, CAMECA IMS 1280-HR at Kochi Institute, JAMSTEC. We selected zircons which exhibit concordant U-Pb age (mostly with 0±2% discordance) [5] and the samples can be classified into three groups based on their crystallization ages, >3.9 Ga, ca. 3.75 Ga, and ca. 3.6 Ga zircons, respectively. A new kimberlite zircon standard: KC-KLV-Zrc1 from Kaalvallei, South Africa (d18O=5.43±0.14‰ VSMOW, 2 SD, determined by a laser fluorination and gas-source mass spectrometry at University of Wisconsin-Madison) was used as a running standard for SIMS analysis. Typical spot-to-spot reproducibility of d18O values was ±0.26‰ (2 SD). The 16OH/16O ratios of zircons, which is an indicator of radiation damage [6], were monitored during oxygen isotope analysis and analysis pits were examined by SEM after the analyses to identify disturbed d18O values by later alteration. We use oxygen isotope data from zircons with no evidence for later alteration.
Multiple oxygen isotope analyses within individual zircon grains showed that some AGC zircons have variable oxygen isotope ratios by ca. 0.5‰ correlated with growth zoning layers recognized by Cathodoluminescence (CL). The studied AGC zircons commonly have moderately elevated d18O values (6.0 to 6.5‰) with a few exceptions of lower d18O values (down to 5.0‰) in >3.9 Ga zircons. No low d18O values (<4.7‰), which were recognized in ca. 4.0 Ga zircons from Idiwhaa tonalitic gneiss in the AGC [7] are observed from the samples in this study. Consistent occurrence of zircons with moderately elevated d18O values (6.0 to 6.5‰) from ca. 4.0 Ga to 3.5 Ga indicates that production of sediment and incorporation of sediment to magma sources consistently occurred in the Acasta region in this period. Since zircons with low d18O values are recognized in a tonalitic gneiss at ca. 4.0 Ga [7], interaction of crustal rocks with fluid at high temperatures would have occurred at an earlier stage of felsic rock formation. Oxygen isotopic characteristics of AGC zircons, moderately elevated with a narrow range of d18O values (6.0 to 6.5‰), is distinct from that of zircons from West Greenland (<6.0‰ at ca. 3.8-3.9Ga) [8]. In addition, higher d18O values are recognized in >4.0 Ga zircons from Jack Hills [e.g., 3,4]. The distinct O isotope evolution among the terranes indicate that crust-forming processes have been already established by Eoarchean.
References:[1] Page F. Z. et al. (2007) Am. Mineral. 92, 1772-1775. [2] Valley J. W. et al., (2014) Nature Geosci. 7, 219-223. [3] Valley J. W. et al. (2015) Am. Mineral. 100, 1355-1377. [4] Cavosie A. J. et al. (2005) Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 235, 663-681. [5] Iizuka T. et al. (2007) Precam. Res. 153, 179-208. [6] Wang X.-L. et al. (2014) Chem. Geol. 389, 122-136. [7] Reimink J. R. et al. (2014) Nature Geosci. 7, 529-533. [8] Hiess J. et al. (2009) Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 73,4489-4516.