Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT05] Decoding the history of Earth: From Hadean to Modern

Wed. May 25, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 105 (1F)

Convener:*Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Kato(Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chair:Shinji Yamamoto(Graduate School of Environment and Information Sciences, Yohohama National University)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[BPT05-08] Estimation of the ocean tide on the early Earth based on the all ocean model

*Mai Motoyama1, Hideo Tsunakawa1, Futoshi Takahashi2 (1.Deparment of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Deparment of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University)

Keywords:Early Earth, Ocean, Tide

The ocean tide is one of the important factors affecting the Earth’s surface environment and the evolution of the Earth-Moon system. According to the Giant impact hypothesis, the Moon was formed at a distance of about three Earth’s radius (RE) 4.6 billion years ago. In this case, the tidal force in the ocean of the early Earth would be more than ten to thousand times as strong as the present. However previous studies pointed out that severe attenuation of tidal waves might work due to mechanical response of seawater motion to result in relatively calm state (e.g. Abe et al., 1997). In the present study, we have analyzed tidal response of the ocean on the early Earth assuming the simple model in which the constant-depth ocean covers all the surface of the rigid Earth (called the all ocean model). The ocean depth is treated as a parameter of 1300, 2600 and 5200 m, since the present volume of the seawater gives ~2600 m depth for the all ocean model. The tidal force is assumed to be caused by the Moon’s gravitational force since the Earth-Moon distance should be smaller at the early time than at present. Assuming reasonable values of the friction and the Earth’s rotation period, we have analyzed the tidal response of mode Ynm (n, m ≤ 3) in the all ocean model, where Ynm is the spherical harmonics of degree n and order m. We will discuss possible resonance and estimate height of the tidal wave.