Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT05] Decoding the history of Earth: From Hadean to Modern

Wed. May 25, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 105 (1F)

Convener:*Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Kato(Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chair:Shogo Aoki(Graduate School of arts and science, University of Tokyo)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[BPT05-23] Oceanic anoxic event at the Carnian/Norian boundary interval in the Black Bear Ridge section, British Columbia, Canada

*Tetsuji Onoue1, John-Paul Zonneveld2, Michael J Orchard3, Katsuyuki Yamashita4, Honami Sato5, Soichiro Kusaka6 (1.Kumamoto University, 2.University of Alberta, 3.Geological Survey of Canada, 4.Okayama University, 5.JAMSTEC, 6.Museum of Natural and Environmental History, Shizuoka)

Keywords:Limestone, Triassic, Canada

The Black Bear Ridge section in northeastern British Columbia consists of a continuously exposed succession through the upper Carnian and lower Norian, and has been proposed as a candidate Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Carnian/Norian boundary (CNB). In order to infer the late Carnian to early Norian environmental changes in the western Canadian continental margin, the stratigraphic variations of isotope 87Sr/86Sr, δ13C, and δ18O values and redox sensitive elements (V, Ni and Cr) in the CNB interval of the Black Bear Ridge section were examined. The study section is located along the north shore of Williston Lake in northeastern British Columbia. The Black Bear Ridge section represents a distal ramp facies deposited in a passive margin environment along the western margin of the North American craton. The stratigraphic interval across the CNB displays a temporal positive shift in the δ13C values, with a synchronous increase in the redox indices (V/V+Ni and V/Cr ratios). The coincidence of the increase in δ13C values and V/V+Ni and V/Cr indices suggests that positive carbon isotope shift in the CNB interval is attributed to the increasing of marine organic carbon burial rates in response to the anoxic conditions. Increased δ13C values for carbonate rocks at the CNB has been also reported from the Upper Triassic sections in Europe (e.g., Pizzo Mondello section, Sicily), which suggests the more widespread development of anoxic conditions in the CNB interval between the Pacific and the Tethyan Oceans. The present geochemical data and recent conodont biostratigraphic works at Black Bear Ridge show that the onset of oceanic anoxic event may have been responsible for the faunal turnover event at the CNB. The cause of this anoxic event is enigmatic but the 87Sr/86Sr and δ13C isotope data largely excludes the possible cause of the oceanic anoxic event triggered by dissociation of methane hydrates and degassing due to large-scale volcanic activity.