4:45 PM - 5:00 PM
[BPT05-24] Carbon dioxide emission during OAE 1a from the oil reservoir in Brazilian offshore
Keywords:Cretaceous, OAE, carbon dioxide
Travertine is a rapid CO2-degassing system as well as a carbonate-depositing system. Our results in Japan and Indonesian travertines indicated the degassing surpassed the carbonate deposition with G/P ratio of 7-18. When we introduce this to the carbon mass of the Brazilian carbonate, the degassed CO2 is calculated 1.2-2.7 x 1015 ton as carbon, which is equivalent to 2-5% of crustal inorganic carbon of Berner (1990). If the degassing had occurred in a period of 1 myr, the average degassing rate corresponds to 14-32% of the modern emission from fossil fuel.
Depositional age of the Brazilian carbonate was 123 Ma during the Ocean Anoxic Event (OAE) 1a. The most likely climatic background was warming due to increase in CO2 concentration, and its potential source might be superplume forming the Pacific oceanic rises or accelerated volcanism in subduction zones. However, an enormous degassing from the Brazilian carbonate calculated here could be more than a candidate trigger of OAE 1a if it was a travertine system.