11:45 AM - 12:00 PM
[BPT07-11] Evaluation of early diagenetic influence on nitrogen isotopes within fossil amino acids: Towards estimation of ancient food webs
Keywords:Trophic level, fossil, amino acids, stable nitrogen isotope ratios, early diagenesis
Prior to the isotope analysis, the samples were examined in several ways, including X-ray diffraction pattern analysis, SEM observations of shell microstructures, D/L ratio of amino acids within the shells to evaluate the preservation of the samples. Turbo cornutus shell was composed of three layers. Our observation reveal that the outer layer of the shell contaminated by encrusting biota. Middle layer, consists of nacreous structure, sometimes had erosion by microbes. Moreover, microstructures of the modern sample heated at 400 °C were partially dissolved and recrystallized, and no amino acid was found in there. Amino acid composition in these aged samples was similar to the clean modern ones. Based on those results, we used several fossil samples, which remained original microstructures, for the isotope analysis. We also analyzed modern samples, including those heated at 200 °C and invaded by microbes.
As a result, all the samples analyzed show around 1.9-2.3 for the trophic level estimated based on the CSIA of amino acids. It is indicated that the early diagenesis wouldn’t affect to the nitrogen isotopes of amino acids in shells at least for 4000 years.