Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT08] Evolution of Chemosynthetic Ecosystem in Earth History

Thu. May 26, 2016 3:30 PM - 4:45 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Robert Jenkins(School of Natural System, College of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Hiromi WATANABE(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takami Nobuhara(Science Education (Geology), Faculty of Education, Shizuoka University), Ryuichi Majima(Faculty of Education and Human Sciences, Yokohama National University)

3:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[BPT08-P01] Species diversity of vesicomyid bivalves from the middle Miocene seep carbonates in the Bessho Formation, Nagano Prefecture, Japan

*Yusuke Miyajima1, Takami Nobuhara2, Hakuichi Koike3 (1.Graduate school of Science, Kyoto University, 2.Faculty of Education, Shizuoka University, 3.Shinshushinmachi Fossil Museum)

Keywords:Pliocardia, Adulomya, Vesicomyidae, Middle Miocene, Cold seep

Vesicomyid bivalves have been dominant animals in submarine cold seeps through the Cenozoic age. Although coexistence of two or more vesicomyid species in a modern single seep site is considered to be due to different preferences in sulfide flux, salinity, and water temperature among species (Barry et al., 1997; Watanabe et al., 2013), co-occurrence of two or more vesicomyid species and its cause have rarely been discussed for ancient seeps. The middle Miocene Bessho Formation in Nagano Prefecture, central Japan is composed of slope mudstone deposited at a back-arc basin and contains many seep carbonates in various sizes. Two fossil vesicomyid species, Adulomya uchimuraensis and “Calyptogena akanudaensis, were previously recorded from the Bessho Formation. This study makes genus reassignment of “C”. akanudaensis and newly reports two vesicomyid species, Pliocardia sp. and Adulomya sp. and notes that relative abundance of the four vesicomyid species depends on carbonate size. The large seep-carbonate mounds more than 20 m in diameter is characterized by abundant occurrence of A. uchimuraensis with rare occurrences of “C”. akanudaensis and Pliocardia sp. From the smaller, about 1 m in diameter carbonate body, “C”. akanudaensis dominantly occur in association with A. uchimuraensis. The siltstone containing several cm-sized small carbonate concretions yields abundant shells of Adulomya sp. in scattered occurrence. The difference of carbonate size suggests that of fluid flux and/or longevity, and the species diversity of vesicomyid clams in the Bessho Formation might be caused by variation of seep activities among sites.