3:30 PM - 4:45 PM
[BPT08-P03] Succession of whale-fall ecosystems at shallow waters: mainly based on one year monitoring of deployed whale carcasses in aquarium tank and natural environments in Tsukumo Bay, Ishikawa, Japan
Keywords:Whale-fall community, ecosystem, reduced environment
So, we tried experiments on deployed whale bones in aquarium tank. Fresh sea water continuously flow into the tank. In addition, we put whale-bones at 11 m in depth in Tsukumo Bay, Ishikawa, Japan.
As a result, the whale bones floated within few days after deployment. Many bubbles of gas, probably hydrogen sulfides, gushed out from the bones. A week later, green algae and white giant bacteria appeared on the bones. Two to three weeks after the deployment, the chemosynthetic cilliate (Zoothamnium niveum) and Hyalogyrinidae gastropod (Xenoskenea sp.) iappearred in the tanks. X. sp. grazed on both microbial mats, white bacterial mat and green algal mat. After appearance of those biota, abundance of those changed through a year. The green algae and the gastropods decreased in the winter and flourished in summer. Whale bones deployed in the natural environments, ca. 11 m deep, more than 1.5 years had encrusting animals such as barnacles, and very few area of the bone surface were covered by microbial mats.
We succeed to make a whale-fall community from fresh bone in aquarium tank with continuous supply of fresh sea water. It allow more detailed observations. Based on the observations, the shallow water whale-fall communities including chemosynthetic biota have establish within few weeks.