Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol G (General (Education and Outreach)) » General (Education and Outreach)

[G-02] Comprehensive disaster prevention education

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Hitoshi Nakai(Kobuchisawa Research Institute for Nature and Education), Satoshi Miyajima(Saitama prefectural Fukaya dai-ichi High School), Hiroo Nemoto(J.F.Oberlin University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[G02-P06] Development of medical demand survey system in disaster first response phase

*NORIO NARITA1, AKIRA FUSE2, TSUNEKI SAKIBARA3 (1.Kesennuma City Hospital, 2.Nippon Medical Scool, 3.PASCO corporation)

Keywords:Disaster Medicine, communication, Disaster first response phase, Geographic information system, Emergency Medical Information System

In the Great East Japan Earthquake, we suffered serious damage on both government offices and medical institutions. Telecommunications and roads was disconnected and did not contacted in disaster area. Disaster medical coordinators could not collect damage information. For that, medical support had to be delivered ad hoc. For delivering medical support effectively and efficiently, we try to apply aerial disaster survey in disaster first response phase.
In this system, special camera for aerial disaster survey take very high resolution photo even flying with over 100km/h, and measured photo-center coordinates simultaneously. Photos are filed on geographic information system (GIS). Aerial photos display only external damage situation of facilities, and we never know the functional damage or number of refugee there. In order to solve this problem, we made damaged information sheet for facilities (SOS sheet).SOS sheet show the damage situation by numbers and pictogram. This sheet spread on the roof to be identified from aerial vehicles.
Demonstration experiments was held in Kesennuma, joined 7 organizations. We could recognize SOS sheet from aerial photos, and find easily the photos from GIS system. And , to draw numbers and spread SOS sheet performed easily.
This methods is available in any type facilities like hospitals, nursing home , schools and shelters.