5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[HCG10-P01] Exotic natural landscape in Japan and Russia
Keywords:appreciation of natural landscape, Exotic, comparison of Russian and Japanese
Yoji AOKI, Elena PETROVA, Yury Mironov, Hajime MATSUSHIMA, Masahiro NAKATANI
1. Beginning of joint research
In the evaluation of the natural landscape, Tamura and Honda (1941) suggested the effect of Russian literature in the appreciation of Musashino, the deciduous forests in Tokyo, written by Doppo Kunikida.
In 2006, Aoki visited Moscow to propose a comparative study of the landscape evaluation between Russian and Japanese. Petrova agreed to try a research of Aoki (1983) in Russia. Japanese group collected 500 photos in terms of mountain, forest, lake, waterfall, coast and field. Russian collected similar 431 photos of Russia. And they selected the typical photos of 35 Russian landscapes and 35 Japanese (Aoki and Petrova 2010) to make color photos (17.5x12.5cm) for the investigation. A questionnaire was set to evaluate the preference and exoticism (Petrova et al 2015).
Moscow, Irkutsk, Kamchatka, Hokkaido, Chiba, Minamikyushu, Kyoto Prefectural University, Kuramae haiku club and Nishikamata Onazuka community association were investigated. In this survey, we collected not only from college students but also the general elderly. A longer time interview was required for the elderly. 124 people in Russia and 210 Japanese data were obtained.
The preference was evaluated in numerical scale 1-5 and averaged. The feelings of exotic were totaled in each photo.
Russian preferred the photos in Caucasus, Altai mountain, the stream of Kola Peninsula and Kamchatka. Japanese waterfall of Nanatsugama was preferred in up to 10. From this result, Russians preferred the mountain and water. Japanese preferred Caucasus, Altai, the North Polar Region and Mt. Fuji. Japanese preferred the mountains. A similar preference of Japanese and Russian was found in the mountain landscape.
Russians felt exotic to Siberia, Kamchatka, Caucasus, North Japan Alps and coast of Ibaraki. Japanese felt exotic to Caucasus, Altai, Kamchatka, Kola Peninsula, the polar region and North Japan Alps. As Japanese are living in rich greenery, they felt exotic to non vegetated landscapes.
In Russia, people were asked as daily and non-daily for exotic. So they felt exotic in their own country because of its vast area. Japanese felt exotic to the foreign landscape of Russia.
4. Relation between preference and exotic
Exotic is associated with preference in Russia, the correlation coefficient 0.81 (t=11.4) with a statistic significance level of 0.001. So exotic contributed to preference of Russians. The 0.35 correlation coefficient (t=3.08) was found in Japan, the lower significance level with no relation. This difference should be studied in future.
5. Effect of age to exotic
The exotics of the elderly (over 60 years) were compared to young students in Japan. A large difference was seen in Coastal landscape of Kamchatka with rough rocks and washed ashore with kelp. The elderly felt it Russia and the students did not by their images of Hokkaido.
To the photo of Oze wetland, the elderly did not felt exotic but students felt. Because the students found the skunk cabbage (Lysichiton camtchatcense Schott) from Russia by their knowledge of vegetation.
These suggested the effect of knowledge by the individual experience and professions. The categories of landscape experience (Appleton 1986) will become a major issue in future.
6. Discussion of Results
Russians preferred the coast of Japan (Petrova et al 2015), because they live away from the coast. Japanese did not show their preference in Kamchatka by the similarity of Hokkaido.
Japanese preferred Putorana, Altai and Caucasus. So Japanese will visit these areas, if the social circumstance will be prepared.