Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-CG Complex & General

[H-CG25] Nuclear Energy and Geoscience

Tue. May 24, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 304 (3F)

Convener:*Eiji Sasao(Tono Geoscience Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency), Tsutomu Sato(Faculty of Engineering Hokkaido University), Hidekazu Yoshida(Nagoya University Museum), Chair:Ryuta Hataya(Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[HCG25-09] Influences of faulting and hydrothermal alteration on matrix diffusion in granitic rocks

*Masayuki Ishibashi1, Riyo Iwasaki1, Hama Katsuhiro1 (1.Japan atomic enagy agency)

Keywords:matrix diffusion, fault, hydrothermal alteration, granitic rocks

Matrix diffusion is important process for controlling mass transport in crystalline rocks such as granitic rocks. The matrix diffusion rate is controlled by porosity. The influence of hydrothermal alteration on matrix diffusion is one of the important issues in Japan, because the porosity in plutons in an orogenic belt such as Japan has the potential to increase associated with faulting and / or hydrothermal alteration. Thus, this study focuses on relationship between faulting, hydrothermal alteration and matrix diffusion.
Six granitic rock samples (three samples are altered rocks and others are non-altered rocks) are obtained from ground level -300m in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) located in Mizunami city Gifu prefecture, central Japan. Detailed observations and through-diffusion experiments to use uranine as a tracer material provide two results, 1) Porosities and effective diffusivities of samples located near faults show high value compared with samples from site which are unaffected by faulting and 2) The decrease in porosities and effective diffusivities of samples located near fault is related to the increase in the percentage of secondary mineral.
This result suggests that faulting and hydrothermal alteration has potentials of controlling the distribution of microscopic voids and having an effect on the matrix diffusion rates.