5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[HDS07-P03] The diversity of land surface temperatures in the Greater Lyon (France): preliminary characterization with Landsat 8 TIRS to monitor heat waves impacts
Keywords:land surface temperature, heat wave, Landsat 8 TIRS, adaptation, mitigation
The method is based on remote sensing. The bands 10 and 11 of the landsat-8 thermal infrared sensor (TIRS) are to calculate the land surface temperature (LST). This temperature estimation procedure follows the ones established by Jimenez-Munoz and Sobrino (2003), Sobrino et al., 2004 and Cristobal et al., 2009. This implies to convert in a first step the Landsat thermal band to at-sensor spectral radiance and then to at-sensor brightness temperature. In second time, the land surface emissivity is estimated using the NDVI threshold methods, according to Sobrino et al., 1990 and 2008. Finally, the land surface temperature (LST) is obtained thanks to the single-channel algorithm (Jimenez-Munoz and Sobrino (2003), Sobrino et al., 2004 and Cristobal et al., 2009) and the results are converted from degrees Kelvin to Celsius.
The results show strong LST spatial disparities in the Greater Lyon. Indeed, variations of several tens of degrees in just a few kilometers are found between rural and urban territory, as for the 4th of July, 2015 (fig. 1). The warmest part of the city is located into the ancient town center and the industrial areas. However, the most sensitive persons are located into the town center, where air conditioning is not frequently used. Consequently, strategies of mitigation and adaptation should be quickly focused on these precise areas.
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