Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-DS Disaster geosciences

[H-DS17] Geohazards in humid, tectonically active countries and their precursors

Tue. May 24, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 202 (2F)

Convener:*Masahiro Chigira(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Satoru Kojima(Department of Civil Engineering, Gifu University), Hiroshi YAGI(Faculty of Art, Science and Education, Yamagata University), Taro Uchida(National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management), Chair:Hiroshi YAGI(Faculty of Art, Science and Education, Yamagata University)

1:45 PM - 2:00 PM

[HDS17-01] Basement structure under the sediments accumulated in the ridge-top depression and landslide-dammed lake around Mt. Tsuenomine, Kumano City, Mie Prefecture: Results of integrated analyses by drilling, electrical and seismic survey methods

*Satoru Kojima1, Yoshinobu Murata1, Naoya Iwamoto2, Keitaro Komura3, Tomohiro Ymazaki3, Heitaro Kaneda3, Tomoyuki Ohtani1 (1.Department of Civil Engineering, Gifu University, 2.Sanyu Consultants Inc., 3.Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University)

Keywords:Mt. Tsuenomine, deep-seated gravitational slope deformation, geophysical survey

Part of the deep-seated gravitational slope deformation features (DGSD) was recently indicated to be precursors of large-scale landslides, whereas part of them has been stable for more than 10,000 years. Discrimination between them is important to mitigate the landslide disasters, but impossible today, because of scarcity in case studies of DGSD. Ridge-top depression and landslide dammed-lake occur in the Tsuenomine area, Kumano City, Mie Prefecture. They are covered with sediments, and their basement structures are unclear. In order to clarify the structures and development history of DGSD and related landslide phenomena we conducted drilling, electrical and seismic surveys of these topographic features. The two cores drilled at the ridge-top depression are 7.5 and 9 m in depth, and are composed of ca. 1 m thick carbonaceous mud at the top, ca. 5 m thick gray to yellowish brown mud in the middle, and mud with clasts probably deposited on the basement in the lowermost part. Three horizons, 0.8, 4.3 and 7.7 m in depth, of tephra are identified as the Aira-Tn (28-30 ka), Kujyu-Daiichi (50 ka), and Kikai-Tozurahara (95 ka) tephra, resptectively. The sediments accumulated in the landslide-dammed lake are cored until ca. 7.5 m deep, but could not reached to the basement. Together with the ca. 2.5 m thick surface exposure, the ca. 10 m thick lake sediments consist of upper massive yellowish brown mud and lower similar mud with basement rock clasts. They yield reworked volcanic glasses derived from Kikai-Akahoya tephra (7.3 ka) at all horizons. The electric and seismic surveys are performed along the two lines perpendicular to the ridge, and one line parallel to the ridge on the ridge-top depression. Same surveys are also conducted along the two lines perpendicular to the river, and one line parallel to the river on the landslide-dammed lake. The results of the both surveys are consistent and indicate that they are effective to discriminate the basement rocks from the landslide deposits, and sediments accumulated in the ridge-top depression and the dammed lake.