4:00 PM - 4:15 PM
[HDS19-21] Slip Distribution of the November 2006 and January 2007 Kuril Earthquakes from Inversion of Phase-corrected Tsunami Waveforms
Keywords:Kuril earthquakes, Kuril-Kamchatka trench, Fault slip distribution, Tsunami waveform inversion, Tsunami phase correction method, Far-field observation stations
We usually forecast and invert tsunami waveforms by assuming the linear long waves. However, we could not use far-field tsunami waveforms for inversion because simulated tsunamis arrive earlier than observed ones, and the initial phases of simulated and observed ones show the reverse polarity at far-field stations. Recently, Watada et al. (2014) completely explained the observed tsunami delay and developed a model to correct the initial phases of synthetic waveforms. In this study, we estimated the fault slip distribution of the two earthquakes from tsunami waveform inversion using the tsunami phase correction method (Watada et al., 2014).
The slip distribution of the November 2006 Kuril earthquake estimated by using phase-corrected tsunami waveforms indicates that a main rupture area is located in the shallower side, which is different from the slip distribution estimated by using uncorrected tsunami waveforms (e.g. Fujii and Satake, 2008), where the deeper side has a large slip amount, and agrees well with the inversion results of previous studies estimated from teleseismic body waves (e.g. Lay et al., 2009). For the January 2007 Kuril earthquake, the location of a main rupture area estimated by using phase-corrected tsunami waveforms also approximately coincides with the inversion results of previous studies estimated from teleseismic body waves. At far-field observation stations as well as at near-field observation stations, the phase-corrected synthetic waveforms agree very well with the observed waveforms. Furthermore, by using phase-corrected tsunami waveforms for inversion, the seismic moment and moment magnitude become larger and closer to the Global CMT solution and previous inversion results estimated from teleseismic body waves. Therefore, through the tsunami phase correction method, far-field tsunami waveforms can be used for the inversion for the slip distribution estimation.