4:15 PM - 4:30 PM
[HDS19-22] 2015 Torishima tsunami earthquake: Tsunami observation at short distances by an array of ocean bottom pressure gauges
Keywords:tsunami earthquake, tsunami observation, water pressure gauge
(1)The array consists of 10 ocean bottom pressure gauges using ParoScientific quartz resonators which can measure absolute water pressure at 7000m depth with nano-resolution. The array configures equilateral triangles with minimum and maximum lengths of 10 and 30km, which was in operation for a year from May 2014 to May 2015. Sampling rate was set at 4Hz, with which the response to pressure disturbance is almost flat below 0.2Hz.
(2)The tsunami trace at each site starts with positive onset (pressure increase) and reaches a maximum amplitude of about 200Pa (≈2cm in tsunami height). Records of ordinary thrust earthquakes with similar magnitudes at similar epicentral distances show comparative amplitudes of seismic waves but no visible tsunamis (Fig.1).
(3)Tsunami slowness vector is measured under the plane wave approximation. The measured slowness varies as a function of frequency in a consistent way with the linear dispersion theory. The slowness vector orientation deviates clearly from the great circle path and changes slowly as a function of frequency as expected from the frequency-dependent ray tracing (Sandanbata et al., 2016, JpGU). This ray tracing also demonstrates strong ray focusing towards Hachijo Island and no such focusing towards the array, explaining qualitatively the marked contrast in tsunami height between the array (~2cm) and Hachijo Island (~60cm).
(4)The tsunami spectrum at each station shows consistently a broad peak around 3.5mHz and sharp double peaks around 8mHz. We interpret the first broad peak as due to the primary tsunami source associated with seafloor uplifting and the sharp double peaks as due to wave resonance inside the Smith Caldera.