Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-DS Disaster geosciences

[H-DS19] Tsunami and Tsunami Forecast

Wed. May 25, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Yuichi Namegaya(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Kentaro Imai(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[HDS19-P05] Accurate measurement of the tsunami heights of the Kanpo Tsunami of 1741 caused by the
volcanic eruption of Oshima-Ooshima Island on the coasts of Esashi and Matsumae districts, Hokkaido

*Yoshinobu Tsuji1, Yosuke Kuroyanagi2, Yuya Narita2, Takahiro Kinami3, Mutsumi Shiraishi4, Masami Sato5, Yayoi Haga5, Fumihiko Imamura5 (1.Fukada Geological Institute, 2.Pacific Consultants Co. Ltd., 3.Kubiki Technology Co. Ltd., 4.Kita-Nihon Historical Disaster Institute, 5.IRIDeS, Tohoku Univ.)

Keywords:tsunami caused by a volcanic eraption, accurate measurement of height of a tsunami, the tsunami generated by the 1741 Oshima-Ooshama volcanic eraption

In the early morning of August 28th, 1741, Oshima-Ooshima volcanic island, off the coast of SW Hokkaido became active, and a huge tsunami was generated. The tsunami hit the coasts of Matsumae and Esashi districts, Hokkaido. Height distribution of this tsunami had been studied by Harori(1984), Imamura et al(1998), and Tsuji et al(2002). In the present study, tsunami height estimation was made by several newly developed ways. We checked the numbers of damaged houses, casualties, and wrecked ships for each coastal village. On the other hand we researced total numbers of houses and population for each coastal village. We calculated the percentage of damaged houses to total number, and of casualties to the population. We decided the point of ground height measurement with considering the percentage of damage. For the case of villages where almost all houses were swept away, we measure the ground height at the highest point of the residential area of the village. In each village on the coast of Matsumae and Esashi districts of Hokkaido, a shrine had been generally situated behind the highest point of the residential area of the village. Some villages has such historical record that "Whole the houses in this villages were entirely swept away, but only shrine was safe". For such villages, we measured the ground height between the house on the highest ground and the shrine.
Our field surveys were made during 14th to 16th December, 2015 on Hokkaido coast. Fig. 1 shows the result of tsunami height distribution. White circles on the coast show the measured points with high reliability , and black circles show that with less accuracy or reliability.
Acknowledgement: The present study was achieved as a part of the commissioned research named "Study on the historical tsunamis in Japan Sea (2015)" on disaster prevention for nuclear facilities proposed by the Nuclear Reglation Authority, Japan.