5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[HDS19-P08] Simulation of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake including rupture process of seafloor motion and wave dispersion
Keywords:2011 Tohoku Tsunami, tsunami simulation
In order to describe tsunami generation from detailed seafloor deformation, we adopted the seismic source model by Yagi and Fukahata (2011), which is estimated the rupture process from teleseismic P-wave data using the newly inverse method that takes into account the uncertainty of the Green’s function. This model provides rupture velocity and rise time to prescribe kinematic seafloor deformation with the planar fault model of Mansinha and Smylie (1971). Tsunami waves are computed using the dispersion potential model (Shigihara and Fujima, 2014), which is based on the staggered leap-frog implicit scheme; dispersive terms in the equation of motion is solved separately. The grid nesting method that we newly developed for the dispersion potential model are used for the bathymetry dataset with three levels of grid resolution (1350m, 450m and 150 m). The computed results were compared to the time history of the sea surface elevation observed at GPS buoys where are located along off the Sanriku coast. Considering the rupture velocity and the rise time makes the tsunami generation process slowly, and contributes the reproducibility of overall wave profiles. In addition, the wave dispersion effects on decrease of the leading wave height. The computed results agree well with observation, we found that both of the physical processes, that is the rupture process of the seafloor and the dispersion effect, must be considered if we want to simulate tsunami propagation using the seismic source model precisely.