Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-GM Geomorphology

[H-GM01] Geomorphology

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Hiroshi Shimazu(Department of Geography, Faculty of Geo-Environmental Science, Rissho University), Masayuki Seto(Fukushima Future Center for Regional Revitalization, Fukushima University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[HGM01-P02] Response to the uplift of a single channel in mountain rivers: Laboratory experiments

*SOTA IIJIMA1, Noritaka Endo1 (1.Kanazawa university, Graduation school of natural science and technology)

Keywords:downward erosion, lateral erosion, profile

In considering the development of mountain rivers, it is very important to know about the developmental process and the dynamics of downward erosion and lateral erosion, although these are partially understood so far. A previous experimental study for channel networks described that lateral migration of surface reliefs became dominant after the erosion rate reached the uplift rate on the whole. This report came from the observation though photograph of the entire basin, and studies in individual channel scales are very few so far. The purpose of the present study is to elucidate relative strength of downward and lateral erosion of bedrock river when experienced uplift, using model experiments. We targeted the observation of a single channel for measurements with high accuracy.
Experiments were performed two times under almost the same condition (Experiments A & B). The uplifts were realized by removing weirs of 1cm at the downstream end. Experiment A was carried out for 300 minutes, during which the uplifts were generated when the river bed seemed stable. Meanwhile, Experiment B was continued for 260 minutes, in which the uplifts were actualized at the same timings as Experiment A regardless of the channel state.
The results, with few exceptions, showed that the elevation of the channel bed at any places continued to lower by downward erosion until a knick-point passed through, and thereafter lateral erosion occurred while downward erosion almost ceased.